metabolism

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me·tab·o·lism

 (mĭ-tăb′ə-lĭz′əm)
n.
1. The chemical processes occurring within a living cell or organism that are necessary for the maintenance of life. In metabolism some substances are broken down to yield energy for vital processes while other substances, necessary for life, are synthesized.
2. The processing of a specific substance within a living cell or organism: iodine metabolism.

[From Greek metabolē, change, from metaballein, to change : meta-, meta- + ballein, to throw; see gwelə- in Indo-European roots.]
American Heritage® Dictionary of the English Language, Fifth Edition. Copyright © 2016 by Houghton Mifflin Harcourt Publishing Company. Published by Houghton Mifflin Harcourt Publishing Company. All rights reserved.

metabolism

(mɪˈtæbəˌlɪzəm)
n
1. (Biochemistry) the sum total of the chemical processes that occur in living organisms, resulting in growth, production of energy, elimination of waste material, etc. See anabolism, basal metabolism, catabolism
2. (Biochemistry) the sum total of the chemical processes affecting a particular substance in the body: carbohydrate metabolism; iodine metabolism.
[C19: from Greek metabolē change, from metaballein to change, from meta- + ballein to throw]
metabolic adj
ˌmetaˈbolically adv
Collins English Dictionary – Complete and Unabridged, 12th Edition 2014 © HarperCollins Publishers 1991, 1994, 1998, 2000, 2003, 2006, 2007, 2009, 2011, 2014

me•tab•o•lism

(məˈtæb əˌlɪz əm)

n.
the sum of the physical and chemical processes in an organism by which its substance is produced, maintained, and destroyed, and by which energy is made available. Compare anabolism, catabolism.
[1875–80; < Greek metabol(ḗ) change (meta- meta- + bolḗ a throw) + -ism]
met•a•bol•ic (ˌmɛt əˈbɒl ɪk) adj.
met`a•bol′i•cal•ly, adv.
Random House Kernerman Webster's College Dictionary, © 2010 K Dictionaries Ltd. Copyright 2005, 1997, 1991 by Random House, Inc. All rights reserved.

me·tab·o·lism

(mĭ-tăb′ə-lĭz′əm)
The chemical processes by which cells produce the substances and energy needed to sustain life. In metabolism, organic compounds are broken down to provide heat and energy, while simpler molecules are used to build complex compounds like proteins for growth and repair of tissues. Many metabolic processes are brought about by the action of enzymes.

metabolic adjective
The American Heritage® Student Science Dictionary, Second Edition. Copyright © 2014 by Houghton Mifflin Harcourt Publishing Company. Published by Houghton Mifflin Harcourt Publishing Company. All rights reserved.

metabolism

the chemical and physical processes in an organism by which protoplasm is produced, sustained, and then decomposed to make energy available. Also, Rare. metaboly. — metabolize, v.
See also: Change
-Ologies & -Isms. Copyright 2008 The Gale Group, Inc. All rights reserved.

metabolism

1. All of the chemical reactions taking place inside an organism.
2. The array of continuous chemical changes that maintain life in the body. See anabolism, catabolism.
Dictionary of Unfamiliar Words by Diagram Group Copyright © 2008 by Diagram Visual Information Limited
ThesaurusAntonymsRelated WordsSynonymsLegend:
Noun1.metabolism - the marked and rapid transformation of a larva into an adult that occurs in some animalsmetabolism - the marked and rapid transformation of a larva into an adult that occurs in some animals
hemimetabolism, hemimetaboly, hemimetamorphosis - incomplete or partial metamorphosis in insects
heterometabolism, heterometaboly - development of insects with incomplete metamorphosis in which no pupal stage precedes maturity
holometabolism, holometaboly - complete metamorphosis in insects
biological process, organic process - a process occurring in living organisms
2.metabolism - the organic processes (in a cell or organism) that are necessary for life
organism, being - a living thing that has (or can develop) the ability to act or function independently
cellular respiration, internal respiration, respiration - the metabolic processes whereby certain organisms obtain energy from organic molecules; processes that take place in the cells and tissues during which energy is released and carbon dioxide is produced and absorbed by the blood to be transported to the lungs
anabolism, constructive metabolism - the synthesis in living organisms of more complex substances (e.g., living tissue) from simpler ones together with the storage of energy
basal metabolism - the amount of energy required to maintain the body of an individual in a resting state
catabolism, destructive metabolism, katabolism, dissimilation - breakdown in living organisms of more complex substances into simpler ones together with release of energy
fat metabolism - a metabolic process that breaks down ingested fats into fatty acids and glycerol and then into simpler compounds that can be used by cells of the body
glycolysis - a metabolic process that breaks down carbohydrates and sugars through a series of reactions to either pyruvic acid or lactic acid and releases energy for the body in the form of ATP
citric acid cycle, Krebs citric acid cycle, Krebs cycle, tricarboxylic acid cycle - in all plants and animals: a series of enzymatic reactions in mitochondria involving oxidative metabolism of acetyl compounds to produce high-energy phosphate compounds that are the source of cellular energy
biological process, organic process - a process occurring in living organisms
Based on WordNet 3.0, Farlex clipart collection. © 2003-2012 Princeton University, Farlex Inc.
Translations
metabolismusmetabolizmus
stofskifte
aineenvaihdunta
metabolizam
anyagcsere
efnaskipti
代謝
신진대사
ämnesomsättning
กระบวนการเผาผลาญอาหาร
quá trình trao đổi chất
新陈代谢新陳代謝

metabolism

[meˈtæbəlɪzəm] Nmetabolismo m
Collins Spanish Dictionary - Complete and Unabridged 8th Edition 2005 © William Collins Sons & Co. Ltd. 1971, 1988 © HarperCollins Publishers 1992, 1993, 1996, 1997, 2000, 2003, 2005

metabolism

[mɪˈtæbəlɪzəm] nmétabolisme m
Collins English/French Electronic Resource. © HarperCollins Publishers 2005

metabolism

nStoffwechsel m, → Metabolismus m
Collins German Dictionary – Complete and Unabridged 7th Edition 2005. © William Collins Sons & Co. Ltd. 1980 © HarperCollins Publishers 1991, 1997, 1999, 2004, 2005, 2007

metabolism

[məˈtæbəˌlɪzm] nmetabolismo
Collins Italian Dictionary 1st Edition © HarperCollins Publishers 1995

metabolism

عَمَلِيَةُ الْأَيْضِ metabolismus stofskifte Stoffwechsel μεταβολισμός metabolismo aineenvaihdunta métabolisme metabolizam metabolismo 代謝 신진대사 metabolisme stoffskifte metabolizm metabolismo обмен веществ ämnesomsättning กระบวนการเผาผลาญอาหาร metabolizma quá trình trao đổi chất 新陈代谢
Multilingual Translator © HarperCollins Publishers 2009

me·tab·o·lism

n. metabolismo, suma de los cambios fisicoquímicos que tienen efecto a continuación del proceso digestivo;
constructive ___anabolismo, asimilación;
destructive ______ destructivo, catabolismo;
basal ______ basal, el nivel más bajo del gasto de energía;
protein ______ de proteínas, digestión de proteínas y conversión de éstas en aminoácidos.
English-Spanish Medical Dictionary © Farlex 2012

metabolism

n metabolismo; basal — metabolismo basal
English-Spanish/Spanish-English Medical Dictionary Copyright © 2006 by The McGraw-Hill Companies, Inc. All rights reserved.
References in periodicals archive ?
Vitamin D is essential for bone metabolism, muscle strength, and mood.
According to her, Vitamin D is an organic fat-soluble vitamin, which is essential for normal metabolic processes, especially in mineral and bone metabolism.
The exclusion criteria were persons having pathological fractures, hyperparathyroidism, hyperthyroidism and disease affecting bone metabolism like hepatic and renal failures and on drugs affecting bone metabolism.
IGF-1, as a growth factor with high content in bone, plays an important role in regulating osteoclast proliferation and differentiation, osteocyte function, bone metabolism, etc.11 IGF-1 may be closely related to the generating process of osteoporosis.7 ET-1, as a vasoconstrictor peptide, is closely related to the proliferation of vascular endothelial cells.
Functions of K2 are proving to be beneficial with regard to cardiovascular diseases and bone metabolism, yet there is a growing body of evidence suggesting vitamin K2 is involved in multiple cellular processes and might have a protective role in various organs throughout the human body.
(10) Once again, women needing treatment for osteoporosis should not be treated with ospemifene but women using ospemifene for dyspareunia can expect positive activity on bone metabolism.
is good balance | Snack on prunes: Prunes contain potassium and boron which are thought to boost bone metabolism and prevent loss of bone mass.
is good | Snack on prunes: Prunes contain potassium and boron which are thought to boost bone metabolism and prevent loss of bone mass.
Background: Estrogen, as an important hormone in human physiological process, is closely related to bone metabolism. The aim of this study was to investigate the mechanism of estrogen on osteoblasts metabolism in MC3T3-E1 cells.
These medications work by inhibiting the breakdown of bone that is part of the ongoing process of bone metabolism. If you are 60 or older and you have not yet had a bone mineral density test, ask your doctor to order one for you.
25-hydroxy vitamin D (25(OH)D) is a fat-soluble vitamin that plays an important role in mineral and bone metabolism. Apart from its role in calcium absorption, 25(OH)D has been found to be associated with several other physiological mechanisms including sleep.1 An increasing number of studies report an association between 25(OH)D levels and sleep physiology where the vitamin's deficiency has been linked to shorter sleep duration and lower sleep quality.2,3