n.1.One who buys or sells the parliamentary seats of boroughs.
Webster's Revised Unabridged Dictionary, published 1913 by G. & C. Merriam Co.
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This trope, of burning people or institutions associated with anti-reform, was common in the period; indeed, in later 'Noctes' poems, effigies of a boroughmonger, who is opposed to increasing Glasgow's number of MPs, and the Duke of Wellington (the anti-reform leader of the Tory party) are also tossed on the fire.
Our author is a radical in the best sense of the term, that is, he is an enemy to all institutions and all usages which deliver over any portion of the species, unprotected, to the tender mercies of any other portion; whether the sacrifice be of blacks to whites, of Catholics to Protestants, of the community at large to lords and boroughmongers, of the middle and working classes to the higher, of the working classes to the middle, or (a surer test of genuine high-minded radicalism than all the rest) of women to men.
"Had not you all," he asked the gathering, "rather die than live as the slaves of the boroughmongers? I myself would rather die than see the great Bill of Reform rejected or mutilated."