At these temperatures, the atoms behave entirely according to the laws of quantum mechanics and form what is known as a Bose-Einstein condensate
-- a state of matter that Einstein predicted in another pioneering paper in 1925.
They can be used to describe nonlinear patterns in plasma , in optical media , in the Bose-Einstein condensate
, and so forth.
Physicist Satyendra Nath Bose, born on January 1, 1894, is best known for his work on quantum mechanics in the early 1920s, providing the foundation for Bose-Einstein statistics and the theory of the Bose-Einstein condensate
University of Cambridge researchers, led by Professor Jeremy Baumberg from the NanoPhotonics Centre, in collaboration with researchers from Mexico and Greece, have built a switch which utilises a new state of matter called a polariton Bose-Einstein condensate
in order to mix electrical and optical signals, while using miniscule amounts of energy.
Mendeleev sodium Na significantly larger amount of Bose-Einstein condensate
(up to 105 supercooled atoms of this element) .
Such bosons share the same quantum ground state, behaving as a Bose-Einstein Condensate
(BEC), characterized by a single macroscopic wave function.
If you aren't shocked that a fifth state exists, you probably know that it is called the Bose-Einstein Condensate
. Named after Satyendra Nath Bose and Albert Einstein, this state comprises of a dilute gas of bosons (also named after S.N.Bose) cooled down to absolute zero where they stay at the lowest quantum state.
Xie, "Nonautonomous matter-wave solitons in a Bose-Einstein condensate
with an external potential," Journal of the Physical Society of Japan, vol.
An salient possibility is that the phase transition can be modeled using the formalism for the Bose-Einstein condensate
[Freeman and Vitiello, 2008; Marshall, 1989] as s a heuristic metaphor to help explore these macroscopic phenomena, perhaps to explore the role of water dipoles in massive synchronization of firing in the neuropil by ephapsis [Anastassio et al., 2011].
One of the interesting dynamical features in the context of Bose-Einstein condensate
(BEC) is the formation of matter wave solitons such as bright solitons [4, 5], dark solitons , vortex solitons , and gap solitons , which have been experimentally achieved before.
Anita has worked at Nasa for the last 11 years and is leading an experiment to create the coldest temperature ever, which has been named Bose-Einstein Condensate
after Albert Einstein and Indian physician Satyendra Nath Bose.