Bose-Einstein condensate


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Related to Bose-Einstein condensate: plasma, Fermionic condensate

Bose-Ein·stein condensate

 (bōz′īn′stīn′)
n.
A state of matter that forms below a critical temperature in which all bosons in the matter fall into the same quantum state. Also called superatom.

[After Satyendra Nath Bose and Albert Einstein.]
References in periodicals archive ?
This state of matter, called Bose-Einstein Condensate, allows scientists to study the properties of atoms in a suspended state.
Then he set those supercooled atoms, known as a Bose-Einstein condensate, in motion, creating a raging river of rubidium.
To observe and test them in the lab, the researchers created a quantum system - a magnetic field of a cloud of rubidium atoms in a state of matter known as a Bose-Einstein condensate.
Anita has worked at Nasa for the last 11 years and is leading an experiment to create the coldest temperature ever, which has been named Bose-Einstein Condensate after Albert Einstein and Indian physician Satyendra Nath Bose.
Among their topics are theoretical treatments in generalized optomechanical systems, a cavity optomechanical system with Bose-Einstein condensate, a single quantum dot as the smallest generalized optomechanical system, a nanomechanical resonator coupled to a hybrid nanostructure, and a hybrid optomechanical system based on a quantum dot and DNA molecules.
It's hard to overstate how weird this is, like getting the giant atoms of the Bose-Einstein condensate but without all the fuss of cooling things down to billionths of a degree above absolute zero.
Other matters they discuss are classical statistical physics and its applications to chemical equilibria, interacting systems, and strong electrolytes; quantum statistical physics and its application to Bose-Einstein condensate and statistical astrophysics; systematics of phase transition and Landau Theory for systems not very close to the phase-coexistence line; and the linear response theory of irreversible processes and fluctuating-dissipation theorem.
Hau and her team instead used a material called a Bose-Einstein condensate, or BEC.
The work also led to the first creation by another research team of what is known as a Bose-Einstein condensate, a new and strange state of matter in which atoms are slowed and cooled so much that they effectively merge into a single entity that is much larger than any individual atom.
Gravastar is a spherical void as Bose-Einstein condensate surrounded by an extremely durable form of matter.
The technique paved the way for the 1995 discovery of the Bose-Einstein condensate, a bizarre type of matter that had eluded experimenters ever since its existence was theorized by Albert Einstein more than 70 years ago.
6 Diffraction and Interference of a Bose-Einstein Condensate Scattered from an Atom Chip-Based Magnetic Lattice