Bose-Einstein condensate


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Related to Bose-Einstein condensate: plasma, Fermionic condensate

Bose-Ein·stein condensate

 (bōz′īn′stīn′)
n.
A state of matter that forms below a critical temperature in which all bosons in the matter fall into the same quantum state. Also called superatom.

[After Satyendra Nath Bose and Albert Einstein.]
References in periodicals archive ?
We will develop advanced cooling methods, Obtain the worlds first bose-einstein condensate and degenerate fermi gas of mercury, And introduce vacuum ultraviolet (vuv) lasers to the field.
Physicist Satyendra Nath Bose, born on January 1, 1894, is best known for his work on quantum mechanics in the early 1920s, providing the foundation for Bose-Einstein statistics and the theory of the Bose-Einstein condensate.
But, in 1995, the first Bose-Einstein condensate was created by drastically cooling the atoms.
Dick Bierman in Chapter 8, "Consciousness Induced Restoration of Time Symmetry", while remaining more agnostic on whether psi effects are quantum mechanical or not, admirably makes specific predictions for future experimental discoveries using his theories, namely the presence of time-symmetric effects in the highly coherent fluid of a Bose-Einstein condensate, the prediction that the structure of physiological effects after a person is affected by a stimulus will be reflected in the structure of data recorded before the stimulus occurs, and finally that highly correlated brain states should exhibit greater precognitive effects.
University of Cambridge researchers, led by Professor Jeremy Baumberg from the NanoPhotonics Centre, in collaboration with researchers from Mexico and Greece, have built a switch which utilises a new state of matter called a polariton Bose-Einstein condensate in order to mix electrical and optical signals, while using miniscule amounts of energy.
The discovery of a new state of matter in extreme temperature conditions--the Bose-Einstein condensate [11]--in 1995 by American and German experimental physicists was another penetration of the inquisitive human mind into the secrets of the microscopic world of matter surrounding us.
If you aren't shocked that a fifth state exists, you probably know that it is called the Bose-Einstein Condensate.
Cornell, "Vortices in a bose-einstein condensate," Physical Review Letters, vol.
Xie, "Nonautonomous matter-wave solitons in a Bose-Einstein condensate with an external potential," Journal of the Physical Society of Japan, vol.
An salient possibility is that the phase transition can be modeled using the formalism for the Bose-Einstein condensate [Freeman and Vitiello, 2008; Marshall, 1989] as s a heuristic metaphor to help explore these macroscopic phenomena, perhaps to explore the role of water dipoles in massive synchronization of firing in the neuropil by ephapsis [Anastassio et al.
Anita has worked at Nasa for the last 11 years and is leading an experiment to create the coldest temperature ever, which has been named Bose-Einstein Condensate after Albert Einstein and Indian physician Satyendra Nath Bose.
Among their topics are theoretical treatments in generalized optomechanical systems, a cavity optomechanical system with Bose-Einstein condensate, a single quantum dot as the smallest generalized optomechanical system, a nanomechanical resonator coupled to a hybrid nanostructure, and a hybrid optomechanical system based on a quantum dot and DNA molecules.