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1. A member of a people descended from Slavs in Bosnia who converted to Islam during the period of Ottoman rule.
2. An inhabitant of Bosnia without regard to religious identity, especially prior to the mid-19th century.

Bos′ni·ak′ adj.
American Heritage® Dictionary of the English Language, Fifth Edition. Copyright © 2016 by Houghton Mifflin Harcourt Publishing Company. Published by Houghton Mifflin Harcourt Publishing Company. All rights reserved.
References in periodicals archive ?
Vice President of the BiH entity of RS Ramiz Salkic warned that denying the Bosnian language is only the most obvious example of preventing the development of Bosniak identity, culture and tradition in this entity.
Bosnia's tripartite presidency is split into Serb, Croat and Muslim Bosniak representatives.
The Bosniak renal cyst classification system is a well-established method that uses contrast enhanced computed tomographic (CT) findings to categorized cystic renal masses into groups with associated risk of malignancy.
Remains of 71 Muslim Bosniak victims, including seven juvenile boys and a woman, were buried at the memorial cemetery on the 22nd anniversary of the crime.
The ICJ registrar revealed the court's decision in a letter sent to Bosnia's tripartite Serb, Croat and Bosniak presidency members after they each declared whether or not they backed the request, which was filed last month.
The Bosniak classification was first published in 1986 and it was a grading system to evaluate cystic renal lesions as benign or probably malign.
The Bosniak classification is an evaluating system of cystic renal masses, originally based only on contrast-enhanced CT findings but then commonly applied to US and MRI.
Some Bosniak politicians said it would weaken Bosnia's delicate structure, created to hold the country together in the aftermath of the devastating war.
It should not be overlooked that there were also Croatian women who were raped by Serbian paramilitaries as part of this campaign, as well as Serbian women who were raped by Croatian and Bosniak soldiers.
Bosniak classification of renal cysts: Impact on patient management
Under the Constitution, the presidency consists of three members, coming from three constituent peoples: one Bosniak and one Croat elected from the Federation of BiH and one elected from Republika Srpska.
Particularly, the question on ethnic background poses a difficulty for the Muslim Bosniaks. Muslim Bosniaks have been using both the terms "Muslim" and "Bosniak" in addition to the combined term "Muslim Bosniak" to ethnically define themselves for centuries.