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 (bō-yär′, boi′ər)
A member of a class of higher Russian nobility that until the time of Peter I headed the civil and military administration of the country and participated in an early duma.

[Alteration (influenced by French boyard, from Russian boyarin) of Early Modern English boiaren, from Russian boyarin, from Old Russian bolyarinŭ, from Old Church Slavonic, probably from Bulgar Turkic (Turkic language of a Turkic tribe that settled in the Volga and Danube basins in the early Middle Ages ) *boyla er, noble man : boyla, Turkic nobleman of a rank below a khan (akin to Old Turkic boylā) + *er, man (akin to Turkish Old Turkic er).]
American Heritage® Dictionary of the English Language, Fifth Edition. Copyright © 2016 by Houghton Mifflin Harcourt Publishing Company. Published by Houghton Mifflin Harcourt Publishing Company. All rights reserved.


(ˈbəʊjɑː; ˈbɔɪə)
(Heraldry) a member of an old order of Russian nobility, ranking immediately below the princes: abolished by Peter the Great
[C16: from Old Russian boyarin, from Old Slavonic boljarinǔ, probably from Old Turkic boila a title]
Collins English Dictionary – Complete and Unabridged, 12th Edition 2014 © HarperCollins Publishers 1991, 1994, 1998, 2000, 2003, 2006, 2007, 2009, 2011, 2014


(boʊˈyɑr, ˈbɔɪ ər)

also bo•yard

(-ˈyɑrd, -ərd)

1. a member of the nobility of Russia, before Peter the Great.
2. a member of a former privileged class in Romania.
[1585–95; earlier boiaren < Russian boyárin]
Random House Kernerman Webster's College Dictionary, © 2010 K Dictionaries Ltd. Copyright 2005, 1997, 1991 by Random House, Inc. All rights reserved.
References in periodicals archive ?
Players yellow-carded once during the group stage have had them cancelled, meaning they all start the four-round knockout phase with clean slates.Ghana defender John Boye was the only player red-carded in the first round and has already served his one-match ban.
Gray and victim Cooper were in a verbal exchange, defendant Jugbe, a resident of the Capitol Byepass confronted Boye Cooper to tune down his voice pitch.
27 (Saba) - Novak Djokovic of Serbia qualified for the Australian Open final after beating Frenchman Luca Boye on Friday with three sets to make an exciting date for the title with Spain's Lucas Boye.
The award is seen as the Nobel Prize of the theater world.Per Boye Hansen, head of the jury for the International Ibsen Award, said as a director in Europe's great theaters Christoph Marthaler has "created his own unique stage language that paves the way for new insight into interpersonal relationships and has inspired a large international audience."
Trucks carrying the food to the airport were flagged off by the Telangana Food corporation chairman Election Reddy and managing director Vijayendra Boye.
One of the fatalities was Rupert's poodle Boye which he took everywhere with him.
One of the fatalities was Rupert's poodle Boye, which he took everywhere with him.
A small brochure entitled L'Expression musicale, mise au rang des chimeres (1779) by an individual identified only as Boye, continues to be assigned conditionally to Pascal Boyer in current reference works, but its contents differ greatly from Boyer's views in verifiable writings (2).
Joseph worked for Boye Needle Company in Chicago and later worked as a sales clerk for Burger King in Arlington Heights.
CSS said it expects the acquisition of Simplicity will establish the company's position in home sewing patterns, add a complementary portfolio of core crafts brands including Boye, Perler and American Girl Crafts.
By Emma Von Larsen and Bettina Boye Various Israeli officials joined the IDC institute of Counterterrorism annual conferenceto discuss the development of terrorism and ways ...
Etisalat Nigeria's new chief executive Boye Olusanya told Reuters he was focused on getting the telecoms group back on track to make a profit, while working on the paperwork to eventually raise new capital.