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The fundamental law of x-ray crystallography, nλ = 2dsinθ, where n is an integer, λ is the wavelength of a beam of x-rays incident on a crystal with lattice planes separated by distance d, and θ is the Bragg angle.
[After Sir William Henry Bragg and Sir William Lawrence Bragg.]
(General Physics) the principle that when a beam of X-rays of wavelength λ enters a crystal, the maximum intensity of the reflected ray occurs when sin θ = nλ/2d, where θ is the complement of the angle of incidence, n is a whole number, and d is the distance between layers of atoms
[C20: named after William and Lawrence Bragg]