encephalitis

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en·ceph·a·li·tis

 (ĕn-sĕf′ə-lī′tĭs)
n.
Inflammation of the brain.

en·ceph′a·lit′ic (-lĭt′ĭk) adj.
American Heritage® Dictionary of the English Language, Fifth Edition. Copyright © 2016 by Houghton Mifflin Harcourt Publishing Company. Published by Houghton Mifflin Harcourt Publishing Company. All rights reserved.

encephalitis

(ˌɛnsɛfəˈlaɪtɪs; ˌɛnkɛf-)
n
(Pathology) inflammation of the brain
Also called: cephalitis
encephalitic adj
Collins English Dictionary – Complete and Unabridged, 12th Edition 2014 © HarperCollins Publishers 1991, 1994, 1998, 2000, 2003, 2006, 2007, 2009, 2011, 2014

en•ceph•a•li•tis

(ɛnˌsɛf əˈlaɪ tɪs)

n.
1. inflammation of the substance of the brain.
[1835–45]
en•ceph`a•lit′ic (-ˈlɪt ɪk) adj.
Random House Kernerman Webster's College Dictionary, © 2010 K Dictionaries Ltd. Copyright 2005, 1997, 1991 by Random House, Inc. All rights reserved.

en·ceph·a·li·tis

(ĕn-sĕf′ə-lī′tĭs)
Inflammation of the brain, usually caused by infection with a virus.
The American Heritage® Student Science Dictionary, Second Edition. Copyright © 2014 by Houghton Mifflin Harcourt Publishing Company. Published by Houghton Mifflin Harcourt Publishing Company. All rights reserved.

encephalitis

an inflamed condition of the brain.
See also: Brain
-Ologies & -Isms. Copyright 2008 The Gale Group, Inc. All rights reserved.

encephalitis

An infection of the brain with severe symptoms, caused by a virus.
Dictionary of Unfamiliar Words by Diagram Group Copyright © 2008 by Diagram Visual Information Limited
ThesaurusAntonymsRelated WordsSynonymsLegend:
Noun1.encephalitis - inflammation of the brain usually caused by a virusencephalitis - inflammation of the brain usually caused by a virus; symptoms include headache and neck pain and drowsiness and nausea and fever (`phrenitis' is no longer in scientific use)
inflammation, redness, rubor - a response of body tissues to injury or irritation; characterized by pain and swelling and redness and heat
acute hemorrhagic encephalitis - encephalitis that resembles apoplexy due to blood extravasation
equine encephalitis, equine encephalomyelitis - encephalitis caused by a virus that is transmitted by a mosquito from an infected horse
acute inclusion body encephalitis, herpes encephalitis, herpes simplex encephalitis - common form of acute encephalitis caused by herpes simplex 1; usually affects the temporal and frontal lobes
leukoencephalitis - inflammation of the white matter of the brain
cerebromeningitis, encephalomeningitis, meningoencephalitis - inflammation of the brain and spinal cord and their meninges
panencephalitis - diffuse inflammation of the entire brain
encephalitis lethargica, epidemic encephalitis, lethargic encephalitis, sleeping sickness, sleepy sickness - an encephalitis that was epidemic between 1915 and 1926; symptoms include paralysis of the extrinsic eye muscle and extreme muscular weakness
West Nile encephalitis - encephalitis caused by the West Nile virus; can be fatal in humans and horses and birds
Based on WordNet 3.0, Farlex clipart collection. © 2003-2012 Princeton University, Farlex Inc.
Translations
encefalitida
EnzephalitisGehirnentzündung
heilabólga

encephalitis

[ˌensefəˈlaɪtɪs] Nencefalitis f
Collins Spanish Dictionary - Complete and Unabridged 8th Edition 2005 © William Collins Sons & Co. Ltd. 1971, 1988 © HarperCollins Publishers 1992, 1993, 1996, 1997, 2000, 2003, 2005

encephalitis

nGehirnentzündung f
Collins German Dictionary – Complete and Unabridged 7th Edition 2005. © William Collins Sons & Co. Ltd. 1980 © HarperCollins Publishers 1991, 1997, 1999, 2004, 2005, 2007

encephalitis

[ˌɛnsɛfəˈlaɪtɪs] nencefalite f
Collins Italian Dictionary 1st Edition © HarperCollins Publishers 1995

en·ceph·a·li·tis

n. encefalitis, infl. del encéfalo;
acute hemorrhagic ______ aguda hemorrágica;
acute necrotizing ______ aguda necrotizante;
bacterial ______ bacteriana;
epidemic ______ epidémica;
experimental allergic ______ experimental alérgica;
herpes ______ herpética;
lethargic ______ letárgica;
neonatorum ______ del recién nacido;
purulent ______ purulenta;
pyogenic ______ piogénica;
suppurative ______ supurativa.
English-Spanish Medical Dictionary © Farlex 2012

encephalitis

n encefalitis f; eastern equine — encefalitis equina del este, encefalitis equina oriental (Esp); Venezuelan equine — encefalitis equina venezolana
English-Spanish/Spanish-English Medical Dictionary Copyright © 2006 by The McGraw-Hill Companies, Inc. All rights reserved.
References in periodicals archive ?
Medical examiners' autopsy revealed that the cause of death was from the rare virus, (https://www.foxnews.com/health/massachusetts-woman-dies-eee-virus-mosquito) Eastern Equine Encephalitis , or EEE. The most dangerous symptom of the virus is brain inflammation that is manifested in seizures, fever, and possibly a coma, according to the (https://www.cdc.gov/easternequineencephalitis/gen/qa.html) CDC.
'Cytokines are inflammatory proteins that play an important role in brain inflammation. These inflammatory factors seem to play a key role in the development of Alzheimer's.' Later, Kok and her colleagues from the Predictive Pharmacology research group will combine the data on cytokines with comparable data on other substances, such as other proteins and fats.
Studies show that cytokines associated with brain inflammation, such as IL-6 and TNF-alpha are found in higher levels in patients with suicidal tendencies.
One recent study found that anti-infective agents, particularly antibiotics, increased the risk of schizophrenia (hazard rate ratio, 2.05; 95% confidence interval, 1.77-2.38) and affective disorders (HRR, 2.59; 95% CI, 2.31-2.89), which the researchers attributed to brain inflammation, the microbiome, and environmental factors (Acta Psychiatr Scand.
A study from 2017, for instance, which measured immune response markers in the brains of 14 people with moderate or severe depression, suggested that individuals with suicidal thoughts also had clear signs of brain inflammation. New research conducted by investigators at Emory University, in Atlanta, GA, now puts forward the idea that low-grade inflammation in the body may lead to a lack of motivation by curtailing dopamine, a hormone and neurotransmitter that plays an important role in the brain's reward circuit, which drives motivation related behaviours.
The role of brain inflammation in Alzheimer's recently has been getting closer attention among academics after the failure of multiple experimental drugs that targeted the buildup of plaques on brain tissue.
Both patients showed resolution of gadolinium enhancement on MRI, an indicator of brain inflammation, by one month post-transplant, and the resolution persisted at six months.
This study investigated mechanisms related to brain inflammation, microbiomes and stress.
A rat model of cognitive decline also showed that taurine helped protect brain function, defending against oxidative stress, boosting neurotransmission, and reducing brain inflammation. (32)
Angara stressed that he has been pushing parents to have their children vaccinated, saying that immunization is the best protection against measles--a highly contagious disease that can cause life-threatening pneumonia and brain inflammation, middle-ear infection, severe diarrhea, and sometimes death.
Researchers at the University of Toronto and University of California San Francisco (UCSF) have discovered that the intestine is the source of immune cells that reduce brain inflammation in people with multiple sclerosis (MS), and that increasing the number of these cells blocks inflammation entirely in a preclinical model of the disease.

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