And since ketamine has already been used to treat depression, Gould says, the breakdown product
has been inside people with no apparent ill effects.
Their level of exposure was determined by measuring their urinary cotinine levels, (cotinine is a metabolic breakdown product
The Saliva Smoke-Screen test, developed by Dr Graham Cope of the University of Birmingham, requires people to spit into a cup so their saliva can be tested for a breakdown product
of nicotine, called cotinine.
Umecrine Mood CEO Karin Ekberg stated that it is the first company to produce compounds that have indicated ability to decrease the activity of the breakdown product
in healthy individuals.
Some of these breakdown products
can also be found pre-formed in food; thus, measurements in urine do not show how much exposure was due to the parent pesticide compounds or the preformed breakdown product
1 micrograms per mil of a breakdown product
of the drug and 0.
This means the body has difficulty getting rid of bilirubin which is a breakdown product
of haemoglobin, the chemical in the red blood cells that carries oxygen.
AITC is a breakdown product
of sinigrin, a chemical compound found in such brassica vegetables as mustard, cabbage, horseradish, cauliflower, sprouts, swede, kale and wasabi.
We are not aware of any plastics that yield dioxin as a breakdown product
, absolutely none," adds Kristina Paquette of the FDA's Office of Food Additive Safety in College Park, Maryland.
Furthermore, twice the level of dichlordiphenylethylene (DDE, metabolic breakdown product
of DDT) that is claimed to cause reduced duration of lactation in humans has no adverse affect on lactation in rats (3).
The study showed that the plant chemical allyl-isothiocyanate, a breakdown product
of sinigrin, a chemical compound found in brassica vegetables, appeared to selectively target colon tumour cells in laboratory work.
A second study published in Environmental Science and Technology found that plastic resin pellets--the raw ingredient in plastics manufacturing--in the ocean rapidly absorb PCBs (previously used in electrical products), DDE (a breakdown product
of the pesticide DDT), and other toxic pollutants from ambient seawater.