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Related to British Cameroon: Cameroun, German occupied Cameroon


A region and former German protectorate of west-central Africa. After World War I the territory was divided into British Cameroons and French Cameroons.


(ˌkæm əˈrunz)

n. (used with a sing. v.)
1. a region in W Africa: a German protectorate 1884–1919; divided in 1919 into British and French mandates.
2. Also called British Cameroons. a former British mandate (1919–46) and trusteeship (1946–60) in W Africa: by a 1961 plebiscite the S part joined Cameroon and the N part joined Nigeria.
Cam`e•roon′i•an, adj. n.


pl the CameroonsKamerun nt
References in periodicals archive ?
French Cameroon gained independence from France in 1960, followed one year later by British Cameroon which promptly joined its neighbor in a federal government.
France named her portion as French Cameroon and the British, British Cameroon. The area of study fell under the British sphere.
During decolonisation, a portion of British Cameroon elected to enter into a federation with French Cameroon rather than join Nigeria to its northwest.
From the above, it could be suggested that the gravity and intensity of insecurity was given an additional fillip following the withdrawal of the Nigerian and British forces that had been serving in the British Cameroon. The forces that remained in West Cameroon were pitifully small, at least to meet the West Cameroon security needs.
The true story of how the author and wife Jaqui set up their own zoo and travelled to what was British Cameroon to collect animals.
The following year the largely Muslim northern two-thirds of British Cameroon voted to join Nigeria; the largely Christian southern third voted to join with the Republic of Cameroon to form the Federal Republic of Cameroon.
Despite a heavy administrative load as the director of a growing missionary body, he collected priceless ethnographic information among several people groups living in what was then known as British Cameroon.
Of course, the name 'Nigeria' later came to refer to the whole of Northern Protectorate, the Southern Protectorate, the Lagos Colony, and Northern British Cameroon.
Gibbons even declared in 1951 that "much of the drive behind the movement will disappear once N N Mbile (the prominent British Cameroon leader of the movement) has secured election to the House of Assembly and begins to turn his attention to more practical issues" (NAB) file vb/b (1951)1:7) However, what threatened the British authorities was the militancy of French Cameroon immigrants on this issue.
The southern part of British Cameroon merged with it in 1961 to form what is now the Republic of Cameroon.

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