antibiotic

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an·ti·bi·ot·ic

 (ăn′tĭ-bī-ŏt′ĭk, ăn′tī-)
n.
A substance, such as penicillin or erythromycin, produced by or derived from certain microorganisms, including fungi and bacteria, that can destroy or inhibit the growth of other microorganisms, especially bacteria. Antibiotics are widely used in the prevention and treatment of infectious diseases.
adj.
1. Of or relating to antibiotics.
2. Of or relating to antibiosis.
3. Destroying life or preventing the inception or continuance of life.

an′ti·bi·ot′i·cal·ly adv.
American Heritage® Dictionary of the English Language, Fifth Edition. Copyright © 2016 by Houghton Mifflin Harcourt Publishing Company. Published by Houghton Mifflin Harcourt Publishing Company. All rights reserved.

antibiotic

(ˌæntɪbaɪˈɒtɪk)
n
(Pharmacology) any of various chemical substances, such as penicillin, streptomycin, chloramphenicol, and tetracycline, produced by various microorganisms, esp fungi, or made synthetically and capable of destroying or inhibiting the growth of microorganisms, esp bacteria
adj
(Pharmacology) of or relating to antibiotics
Collins English Dictionary – Complete and Unabridged, 12th Edition 2014 © HarperCollins Publishers 1991, 1994, 1998, 2000, 2003, 2006, 2007, 2009, 2011, 2014

an•ti•bi•ot•ic

(ˌæn tɪ baɪˈɒt ɪk, -bi-, ˌæn ti-, -taɪ-)

n.
1. any of a large group of chemical substances, as penicillin and streptomycin, that are produced by various microorganisms and fungi, have the capacity in dilute solutions to inhibit the growth of or to destroy bacteria and other microorganisms, and are used in the treatment of infectious diseases.
adj.
2. of or involving antibiotics.
[1895–1900]
an`ti•bi•ot′i•cal•ly, adv.
Random House Kernerman Webster's College Dictionary, © 2010 K Dictionaries Ltd. Copyright 2005, 1997, 1991 by Random House, Inc. All rights reserved.

an·ti·bi·ot·ic

(ăn′tĭ-bī-ŏt′ĭk)
A substance, such as penicillin, that is capable of destroying or weakening certain microorganisms, especially disease-causing bacteria or fungi. Antibiotics are obtained from other microorganisms, especially molds.
The American Heritage® Student Science Dictionary, Second Edition. Copyright © 2014 by Houghton Mifflin Harcourt Publishing Company. Published by Houghton Mifflin Harcourt Publishing Company. All rights reserved.

antibiotic

A drug given to combat or prevent infection by destroying bacteria in the body.
Dictionary of Unfamiliar Words by Diagram Group Copyright © 2008 by Diagram Visual Information Limited
ThesaurusAntonymsRelated WordsSynonymsLegend:
Noun1.antibiotic - a chemical substance derivable from a mold or bacterium that can kill microorganisms and cure bacterial infectionsantibiotic - a chemical substance derivable from a mold or bacterium that can kill microorganisms and cure bacterial infections; "when antibiotics were first discovered they were called wonder drugs"
actinomycin - any of various red antibiotics isolated from soil bacteria
amphotericin - an antibiotic and antifungal agent
antibacterial, antibacterial drug, bactericide - any drug that destroys bacteria or inhibits their growth
antimycin - a crystalline antibiotic active against various fungi
antineoplastic antibiotic - an antibiotic drug used as an antineoplastic in chemotherapy
Azactam, aztreonam - an antibiotic (trade name Azactam) used against severe infections; has minimal side effects
bacitracin - a polypeptide antibiotic of known chemical structure effective against several types of Gram-positive organisms; usually applied locally
carbomycin - a colorless basic antibiotic that inhibits the growth of Gram-positive organisms
cephaloglycin, Kafocin - antibiotic related to cephalosporin but no longer in common use
cephaloridine - a broad spectrum semisynthetic antibiotic produced by modifying cephalosporin
cephalosporin, Mefoxin - one of several broad spectrum antibiotic substances obtained from fungi and related to penicillin (trade names Mefoxin); addition of side chains has produced semisynthetic antibiotics with greater antibacterial activity
chloramphenicol, Chloromycetin - an oral antibiotic (trade name Chloromycetin) used to treat serious infections (especially typhoid fever)
Aureomycin, chlortetracycline - a yellow crystalline antibiotic (trade name Aureomycin) used to treat certain bacterial and rickettsial diseases
Cipro, ciprofloxacin - an oral antibiotic (trade name Cipro) used against serious bacterial infections of the skin or respiratory tract or urinary tract or bones or joints
cycloserine - an antibiotic that is especially active against the tubercle bacillus
dihydrostreptomycin - antibiotic consisting of a hydrogenated form of streptomycin; used against tuberculosis and tularemia and Gram-negative organisms
doxorubicin - an antibiotic used as an anticancer drug
doxycycline, Vibramycin - an antibiotic derived from tetracycline that is effective against many infections; "Vibramycin is the trade name of doxycycline"
E-Mycin, Erythrocin, erythromycin, Ethril, Ilosone, Pediamycin - an antibiotic (trade name Erythrocin or E-Mycin or Ethril or Ilosone or Pediamycin) obtained from the actinomycete Streptomyces erythreus; effective against many Gram-positive bacteria and some Gram-negative
Garamycin, gentamicin - an antibiotic (trade name Garamycin) that is derived from an actinomycete; used in treating infections of the urinary tract
gramicidin - an antibiotic produced by a soil bacterium; used chiefly as an antiseptic in treating local infections produced by Gram-positive bacteria
kanamycin, Kantrex - antibiotic (trade name Kantrex) used to treat severe infections
Lincocin, lincomycin - antibiotic (trade name Lincocin) obtained from a streptomyces bacterium and used in the treatment of certain penicillin-resistant infections
mitomycin, Mutamycin - a complex of antibiotic substances obtained from a streptomyces bacterium; one form (trade name Mutamycin) shows promise as an anticancer drug
mycomycin - a highly unsaturated antibiotic acid obtained from an actinomycete
fradicin, Neobiotic, neomycin - an antibiotic obtained from an actinomycete and used (as a sulphate under the trade name Neobiotic) as an intestinal antiseptic in surgery
novobiocin - an antibiotic obtained from an actinomycete and used to treat infections by Gram-positive bacteria
Mycostatin, Nystan, nystatin - an antifungal and antibiotic (trade names Mycostatin and Nystan) discovered in New York State; derived from soil fungi actinomycetes
hydroxytetracycline, oxytetracycline, oxytetracycline hydrochloride, Terramycin - a yellow crystalline antibiotic (trademark Terramycin) obtained from a soil actinomycete; used to treat various bacterial and rickettsial infections
penicillin - any of various antibiotics obtained from Penicillium molds (or produced synthetically) and used in the treatment of various infections and diseases
polymyxin - any of several toxic antibiotics obtained from a particular soil bacterium
Primaxin - trade name for a parenteral antibiotic
pyocyanase - a yellow-green mixture of antibiotics obtained from the bacillus of green pus
pyocyanin - a toxic blue crystalline antibiotic found in green pus
spectinomycin - an antibiotic used to treat gonorrhea
streptomycin - an antibiotic produced by the actinomycete Streptomyces griseus and used to treat tuberculosis
streptothricin - a basic antibiotic derived from a soil actinomycete
subtilin - a polypeptide antibiotic (similar to bacitracin) obtained from a soil bacterium
Nebcin, tobramycin - an antibiotic (trade name Nebcin) that is especially effective against Gram-negative bacteria
Adj.1.antibiotic - of or relating to antibiotic drugsantibiotic - of or relating to antibiotic drugs  
Based on WordNet 3.0, Farlex clipart collection. © 2003-2012 Princeton University, Farlex Inc.
Translations
مُضاد لِلجَراثيممُضادّ حَيَويّ
antibiotikumantibiotický
antibiotika
Antibiotikumantibiotisch
antibioottiantibioottinen
antibiotik
antibiotikum
fúkalyf
抗生物質
항생 물질
antibiotikas
antibiotika
antibiotikum
antibiotikum
ยาปฏิชีวนะ
antibiyotikmikropkıran
thuốc kháng sinh

antibiotic

[ˈæntɪbaɪˈɒtɪk]
A. Nantibiótico m
B. ADJantibiótico
Collins Spanish Dictionary - Complete and Unabridged 8th Edition 2005 © William Collins Sons & Co. Ltd. 1971, 1988 © HarperCollins Publishers 1992, 1993, 1996, 1997, 2000, 2003, 2005

antibiotic

[ˌæntibaɪˈɒtɪk]
adjantibiotique
nantibiotique m
to be on antibiotics → être sous antibiotiques
to take antibiotics → prendre des antibiotiques
Collins English/French Electronic Resource. © HarperCollins Publishers 2005

antibiotic

[ˈæntɪbaɪˈɒtɪk]
1. nantibiotico
2. adjantibiotico/a
Collins Italian Dictionary 1st Edition © HarperCollins Publishers 1995

antibiotic

(ˌӕntibaiˈotik) noun
a medicine which is used to kill the bacteria that cause disease.
Kernerman English Multilingual Dictionary © 2006-2013 K Dictionaries Ltd.

antibiotic

مُضادّ حَيَويّ antibiotikum antibiotika Antibiotikum αντιβιοτικό antibiótico antibiootti antibiotique antibiotik antibiotico 抗生物質 항생 물질 antibioticum antibiotikum antybiotyk antibiótico антибиотик antibiotikum ยาปฏิชีวนะ antibiyotik thuốc kháng sinh 抗生素
Multilingual Translator © HarperCollins Publishers 2009

an·ti·bi·ot·ic

n., pl. antibióticos, drogas antibacterianas;
antineoplastic ______ antineoplástico;
bactericidal ______ bactericida;
broad spectrum ______ de amplio espectro;
___ sensitivity text / prueba de sensibilidad antibiótica.
English-Spanish Medical Dictionary © Farlex 2012

antibiotic

adj & n antibiótico; broad-spectrum — antibiótico de amplio espectro
English-Spanish/Spanish-English Medical Dictionary Copyright © 2006 by The McGraw-Hill Companies, Inc. All rights reserved.
References in periodicals archive ?
Andr Singer, General Manager, World Anti-Microbial Resistance Congress says: We are proud to provide this platform for promising antibiotic programs to be introduced to the AMR community, such as Recce Pharmaceuticals synthetic polymer program which has the potential of transforming the way superbugs are targeted, through a new class of broad-spectrum antibiotics.
There was a suggestion of a dose-response relationship for both narrowand broad-spectrum antibiotics because only at the higher antibiotic exposures did increased BMI-z reach statistical significance.
There was a suggestion of a dose-response relationship for both narrow- and broad-spectrum antibiotics because only at the higher antibiotic exposures did increased BMI-z reach statistical significance.
A broad-spectrum antibiotic can kill off more of the vulnerable, less dangerous bacteria, leaving the more dangerous and robust bacteria to propagate.
We used both descriptive and multivariate analyses to examine three mutually exclusive outcomes that capture children's antibiotic use during the year: no antibiotic use, any broad-spectrum antibiotic use, and use of narrow-spectrum antibiotics only.
Broad-spectrum antibiotic prescribing increased significantly as volume increased (P = .001), whereas guideline-concordant antibiotic prescribing decreased significantly (P < .001; Table 1).
Participants had no shared definition of "broad-spectrum antibiotic" or "narrow-spectrum antibiotic" regardless of specialty or number of years in practice.
Despite of the aggressive drainage and broad-spectrum antibiotic therapy, the gangrene progressed rapidly in hours and the patient\'s general condition worsened.
Tigecycline, the first of a new class of broad-spectrum antibiotics (the glycylcyclines), has been licensed in South Africa for the parenteral treatment of adult patients with complicated intraabdominal infections (clAIs) and complicated skin and soft-tissue infections (cSSTIs).
The pathogen was never determined specifically in this case yet was treated successfully through a broad-spectrum antibiotic regimen which counters the suggestion by Cavusoglu et al.
More than 90% of patients who have endometritis respond promptly to broad-spectrum antibiotic therapy.