Traditionally, it has been accepted that speech production is controlled by the so-called Broca's area corresponding to Brodmann's area
(BA) 44 (pars opercularis of the left inferior frontal gyrus) (e.g., Goldstein, 1948; Damasio & Geschwind, 1984; Head, 1926; Hecaen, 1972; Luria, 1947/1970).
There has been growing interest in the functional significance of the precuneus (Brodmann's area
, BA 7).
 investigated the relationship between prefrontal cortical atrophy and neuropsychological performance in schizophrenic patients and found that decreased Brodmann's area
(BA9) grey matter volume correlated with poorer task performance on WCST errors and TMT-B completion time.
The primary somatosensory cortex lies in the posterior bank of the rolandic fissure representing Brodmann's area
3b in the parietal lobe.
VLPFC is located on the inferior frontal gyrus, being attributed to the anatomical structures of Brodmann's area
(BA) 47, 45, and 44.
The classical model of the human visual system is that of visual information being transferred from the eyes to the occipital cortex (Brodmann's area
17), where the picture is "seen." Damage to parts of the brain that are responsible for vision causes reduced visual acuity and impaired visual fields (Good et al., 1994).
In this network, Brodmann's area
(BA) 47 in the lateral orbitofrontal cortex is the most frequently activated prefrontal region in studies focusing on emotion.
Subsequently, trials targeting the subgenual region (Brodmann's area
25), the ventral capsule/ventral striatum, and nucleus accumbens demonstrated antidepressant effects.
The independent samples t-test revealed that recent users had greater SWM response than abstinent users in the following regions: a large cluster spanning medial bilateral cingulate, medial frontal gyrus, and left superior and middle frontal gyri (Brodmann's area
[BA] 8); medial bilateral superior frontal gyrus (BA 6/8); left insula and precentral gyrus (BA 13); and right insula and inferior frontal gyrus (BA 13; see Table 3 and Figure 3).
It is not clear to what extent these two elements are separate or aspects of the same thing, but there is evidence that they are associated with different areas of the brain- Brodmann's area
44 and Broca's area respectively (Baddeley 2003a: 1.1).