brown fat

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Related to Brown adipose tissue: White adipose tissue

brown fat

n.
One of two types of fatty tissue in mammals, especially in newborn infants and hibernating animals, that is composed of dark-colored cells containing numerous mitochondria and lipids, which are converted into body heat.
American Heritage® Dictionary of the English Language, Fifth Edition. Copyright © 2016 by Houghton Mifflin Harcourt Publishing Company. Published by Houghton Mifflin Harcourt Publishing Company. All rights reserved.

brown fat

n
(Physiology) tissue composed of a type of fat cell that dissipates as heat most of the energy released when food is oxidized; brown adipose tissue. It is present in hibernating animals and human babies and is thought to be important in adult weight control
Collins English Dictionary – Complete and Unabridged, 12th Edition 2014 © HarperCollins Publishers 1991, 1994, 1998, 2000, 2003, 2006, 2007, 2009, 2011, 2014

brown′ fat′


n.
brownish yellow adipose tissue that accumulates in hibernating mammals, producing heat if the body becomes too cold.
Random House Kernerman Webster's College Dictionary, © 2010 K Dictionaries Ltd. Copyright 2005, 1997, 1991 by Random House, Inc. All rights reserved.
References in periodicals archive ?
Release date- 26072019 - Researchers from the University of Granada have found that, contrary to other studies to date, there is no link between physical activity and better functioning of brown adipose tissue (BAT).
Evidence from immunoblotting studies on uncoupling protein that brown adipose tissue is not present in the domestic pig.
When issued in the U.S., the final patent will protect a human brown adipose tissue differentiated cell derived from an isolated human brown adipose tissue stem cell.
Prenatal and lactation nicotine exposure affects morphology and function of brown adipose tissue in male rat offspring.
In the cold, brown adipose tissue acts like a heat generator, and its activity has a positive effect on the energy balance.
Matsushita et al., "Age-related decrease in cold-activated brown adipose tissue and accumulation of body fat in healthy humans," Obesity, vol.
However, little information has been known about the importance of this receptor in brown adipose tissue. Here, our results indicated that GPR43 expression was initiated in brown adipocytes from day 3 of postinduction period, while in white adipocytes abundant GPR43 expression was also observed in the late phase of differentiation [8].
Ribeiro et al., "The type 2 iodothyronine deiodinase is essential for adaptive thermogenesis in brown adipose tissue," The Journal of Clinical Investigation, vol.
Lecka-Czernik, "Bone marrow fat has brown adipose tissue characteristics, which are attenuated with aging and diabetes," Bone, vol.
In mammals, adipose tissue is composed of white adipose tissue (WAT) and brown adipose tissue (BAT), and their dysfunction can lead to overweight and obesity [2].
There was no significant difference in white or brown adipose tissue expression of AMPK, p-AMPK, ACC, or p-ACC in mice fed the normal chow or HFD, with or without the addition of nitrate (data not shown).