brown fat

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Related to Brown adipose tissue: White adipose tissue

brown fat

n.
One of two types of fatty tissue in mammals, especially in newborn infants and hibernating animals, that is composed of dark-colored cells containing numerous mitochondria and lipids, which are converted into body heat.

brown fat

n
(Physiology) tissue composed of a type of fat cell that dissipates as heat most of the energy released when food is oxidized; brown adipose tissue. It is present in hibernating animals and human babies and is thought to be important in adult weight control

brown′ fat′


n.
brownish yellow adipose tissue that accumulates in hibernating mammals, producing heat if the body becomes too cold.
References in periodicals archive ?
Therefore, the adipose organ comprises white adipose tissue (WAT), the main energy storage allowing animals to survive for longer periods without meals, and brown adipose tissue (BAT), a key site of heat production (thermogenesis) in mammals, essential for the survival in cold environments and in hibernators, defending core body temperature.
The type 2 iodothyronine deiodinase is essential for adaptive thermogenesis in brown adipose tissue.
Thermogenic properties in liver, brown adipose tissue and hormones in Apodemus chevrieri under different seasons
Studies in rodents showed that exercise has stimulating effects on brown adipose tissue (17, 26-29).
Lecka-Czernik, "Inducible brown adipose tissue, or beige fat, is anabolic for the skeleton," Endocrinology, vol.
Hibernoma: distinctive light and electron microscopic features and relationship to brown adipose tissue.
A) AhR mRNA abundance in liver, kidney, brain, heart, retroperitoneal fat (RPF), and brown adipose tissue (BAT); data are mean [+ or -] SE from n = 5 mice/genotype.
2) p107 is strictly expressed in the stem cell compartment of white adipose tissue and completely absent in brown adipose tissue.
The authors used computational approaches to identify molecules with enriched expression in white adipose tissues and brown adipose tissues using transcriptionprofiling data.
This is not the usual fat that you have heard of, brown adipose tissue is metabolically active and an experiment on mice revealed that it takes sugar out of the blood stream to burn calories to generate heat.
The contract has been signed to study human brown adipose tissue and cell lines.
2001), consistent with the lack of functional brown adipose tissue in postnatal lambs (Smith et al.