He points out that the Stormtrooper (Strum Abteilung) popularly called Brownshirts
of Hitler and the Militia Volontaria per la Sicurezza Nazionale (MVSN) or Voluntary Militia for national security popularly called Blackshirts in Mussolini's Italy were socio-political outfits with similar ambitions that were turned into ruthless armies by their mentors to enforce ideology and to unleash hate against particular communities.
If in GerAmany Ernst Rohm's one million Brownshirts
frightened even Hitler, in Pakistan terrorist groups have graduated into full-fledged 'armies' capable of challenging the military.
Hitler's Stormtroopers: The SA, The Nazis' Brownshirts
all reminiscent of the Brownshirts
in Nazi Germany and the Ku Klux Klan in America's once-segregated South.
Hitler's Nazi "stormtroopers," the street-fighting SA Brownshirts
, were composed largely of "Beefsteak Nazis": "Red (communist) on the inside, brown (Nazi) on the outside.
These gun-toting extremists, whose idea of patriotism is to regard the federal government as the enemy, are different from 1930s Brownshirts
only in name.
Elser sees an acquaintance who is forced to sit on the street -- surrounded by Brownshirts
and townspeople -- with a sign around her neck reading, "In the village I am the greatest swine and consort only with Jews" (it rhymes in German).
6"Antifa combines radical left-wing and anarchist politics, revulsion at racists, sexists, homophobes, anti-Semites, and Islamophobes, with the international anti-fascist culture of taking the streets and physically confronting the brownshirts
of white supremacy, whoever they may be," (https://www.
Hitler had his Brownshirts
private militia of stormtroopers before he became chancellor.
Evoking the image of Hitler's Brownshirts
and Mussolini's Blackshirts, she spoke of the "backwash of Republican young men in dark shirts.
The SA, also known as the Brownshirts
, were the paramilitary wing of the Nazi Party in its early years.
Even in China, cadets at the Whampoa Military Academy tried to launch a Chinese "Blue Shirts" movement akin to Mussolini's Blackshirts or Hitler's paramilitary Brownshirts
, the Sturmabteilung.