Brunonian


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Bru`no´ni`an


a.1.Pertaining to, or invented by, Brown; - a term applied to a system of medicine promulgated in the 18th century by John Brown, of Scotland, the fundamental doctrine of which was, that life is a state of excitation produced by the normal action of external agents upon the body, and that disease consists in excess or deficiency of excitation.
References in periodicals archive ?
Perusing the stories, we see how the colony became a hub of laboratory medicine where Balfour could test his own solunar theory and others practice Brunonian Doctrine that had died out in England.
Here, Budge pairs Robert Payne Knight's empiricist aesthetics with "a Brunonian aetiology of addiction to novels" (32) to show how Radcliffe critiques the Burkean sublime evoked by lurid gothic horrors as a pathological state that traps readers "in the sensations of their own nervous system" (35).
Budge employs the specificity of Brown's therapeutic lineage to advantage in his Wordsworth chapter, which offers a thorough catalogue of the poet's Brunonian debts in the 1802 Lyrical Ballads (Wordsworth encountered Brown in Darwin's Zoonomia, whose pathologies sometimes employ Brunonian explanations).
While at Brown he was President of Brunonian Chapter of Alpha Delta Phi.
One influential theory, proposed by an Edinburgh physician named John Brown, became known as the Brunonian System of Medicine and held that all disease was caused by either an excess or deficiency of nervous excitation.
The president, George Washington, and his cabinet left the city; but Benjamin Rush, signer of the Declaration of Independence, early abolitionist, foremost physician of his age, and an early advocate of Brunonian medicine, remained in Philadelphia to care for the sick, sometimes treating more than 120 patients a day.
Michael Guest, "Beckett and Brunonian Minimalism," Reports of the Faculty of Liberal Arts, Shizuoka University 30.
It is no wonder that Michele Ciliberto is a present leader of Brunonian studies as well as a wider spokesman for Renaissance literature throughout Europe.
Nor is it empiricism, since the body and even the identity of the experimenting subject is an instrumental part of the experiment, and it is not vitalism, animism, or Brunonian irritability.
For an account of the relation between Brunonian physiology and some of Words worth's contributions to Lyrical Ballads, see Paul Youngquist, "Lyrical Bodies: Wordsworth's Physiological Aesthetics," European Romantic Review 10 (1999): 152-61.
Typical perhaps for someone educated in Brunonian medicine at Edinburgh, Beddoes understands sickness as an inverse or negative experience of health.
23) In the introduction to his translation of Brown's Elements of Medicine Beddoes stages a scene of sober differentiation from an earlier self who might have been drawn injudiciously to misrepresent certain aspects of Brunonian medicine.