dictionary attack

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dictionary attack

n
(Computer Science) an attempt to hack into a computer or network by submitting every word in a dictionary as a possible password
Collins English Dictionary – Complete and Unabridged, 12th Edition 2014 © HarperCollins Publishers 1991, 1994, 1998, 2000, 2003, 2006, 2007, 2009, 2011, 2014
References in periodicals archive ?
If the password is a default password or if it can be cracked easily through a brute force attack, the attacker will gain access to the system monitoring panel, which contains information similar to the details visible to the companies located in the smart building.
Any application that requires authentication is a potential venue for a brute force attack, but F5 Labs mostly recorded attacks focusing on:
It also provides that where a brute force attack into a database containing personal information was stopped by a timely intervention on the part of the PICs information security team, that event should also be included in the Annual Security Incident Report.
However, since both CE and MLE use the hash value of the file as an encryption key, they are vulnerable to dictionary attack (i.e., predictable data can be leaked by brute force attack).
Fuzzy vault is susceptible to attack via record multiplicity (ARM) [4], brute force attack [67] and collusion attack [68].
Credential stuffing - This is a type of brute force attack wherein large sets of credentials are automatically inputted into websites until a match with an existing account is found.
The most common attack against HMAC is brute force attack to uncover the secret key.
The most common identified threat is brute force attack. While brute force attacks on the server can be restricted by firewall or by configuration of the service (sshd, ftpd, smtp), the hacker gains access to the administration part of the platform by using the login forms.
Mihailescu, "The fuzzy vault for fingerprints is vulnerable to brute force attack," in Proc.
The brute force attack will use a specially designed software to go through hundreds of thousands of different words, combinations of words and numbers to try to crack your password, said Caracciolo of CBIZ.
Unfortunately however, even with complex passwords we are almost fighting a loosing battle; this is because cyber criminals can access botnet ecosystems to crack encrypted files or password protected data (through hashes of the password, or direct brute force attack) or make use of underground "cracking rigs" that use GPU's Processors in rigs that can quite literally attempt billions of combinations per second.
The reality is that a complex password dramatically increases your defense against a brute force attack, which is a very common method to crack a password and gain access.