Dr Phil Stone, chairman of the Richard III Society, said: "Examination of Richard III's remains shows that he had a scoliosis, thus confirming that the Shakespearean description of a 'bunch-backed
toad' is a complete fabrication - yet more proof that, while the plays are splendid dramas, they are also most certainly fiction not fact.
HE was one of William Shakespeare's most ruthless villains, dubbed a "bunch-backed
While Richard III was not "the foul bunch-backed
toad" that Shakespeare made him out to be, his skeleton indicates he had scoliosis that developed sometime after about age 10.
Rhys Warrington, in Mosley jackboots, as "that bottle spider, that foul bunch-backed
toad" powerfully presented the devious Richard, bringing vividly to mind Macbeth's: "I have no spur to prick the sides of my intent but only vaulting ambition, which o'erleaps itself and falls on th' other (side)".