Spinal anaesthesia with hyperbaric Bupivacaine Hydrochloride
is popular for longer procedures due to its prolonged duration.
In one recent retrospective study, abdominal incision infiltration with liposomal bupivacaine was associated with less opioid use (with no change in pain scores), compared with bupivacaine hydrochloride
after laparotomy for gynecologic malignancies (Obstet Gynecol.
Group BD: received epidural study solution of 38 ml of 0.25% bupivacaine hydrochloride
+ 1 ml of 100 [micro]g dexmedetomidine + 1 ml of normal saline.
Therefore, stock solutions of mepivacaine 1% and bupivacaine 0.25% were prepared from mepivacaine hydrochloride 2% W/V [Mepicain 2% (Monico SPA)] and bupivacaine hydrochloride
: 5 mg/mL (0.5% W/V) [Marcaina 5 mg/mL (Astra Zeneca)], respectively, by diluting 1:1 the commercially available solutions with the relevant vehicles.
The patients were divided in to three groups according to type of anesthesia used; group I was those patients who had local anesthesia, that is 20 cc bupivacaine hydrochloride
0.5% with adrenaline and lingocaine hydrochloride 2% were injected around the anal skin, and intersphincter plane and sedation 2 cc fentanyle and 2 cc dormecium were given intravenously.
Patients with a unilateral inguinal hernia undergoing open hernioplasty with mesh placement will be treated in one of two arms per study: three 100 mg XaraColl matrices for a total dose of 300 mg of bupivacaine hydrochloride
, or three placebo matrices.
To administer the treatment, the doctor used low dose X-ray to guide an injection of bupivacaine hydrochloride
, a commonly used local anesthetic, into a nerve bundle called the stellate ganglion, located in the neck near the "voice box."
The local anesthetic commonly used is bupivacaine hydrochloride
, which has a rapid onset; anesthesia occurs within 4-17 minutes of administration.
Study participants were randomly assigned to two groups once they had reached full dilatation while receiving standardized epidural infusions of bupivacaine hydrochloride
(Marcaine) and fentanyl designed to minimize the motor block while maintaining comfort.
0.5%, 20 mL intraarticularly at the conclusion of arthroscopy.
M2 EQUITYBITES-October 21, 2011-Sagent Pharmaceuticals Inc secures US FDA approval of bupivacaine hydrochloride
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