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A country of east-central Africa with a coastline on Lake Tanganyika. It was inhabited originally by the Twa, a Pygmy people, and later also by Hutus and Tutsis, the latter gaining political and economic dominance in the 19th century. The area formed part of German East Africa and later of Belgian-ruled Ruanda-Urundi before it became an independent kingdom in 1962 and was declared a republic in 1966. In the 1970s and again in the 1990s tens of thousands of people were killed in ethnic clashes between Hutus and Tutsis. Bujumbura is the capital and the largest city.
Bu·run′di·an adj. & n.
(Placename) a republic in E central Africa: inhabited chiefly by the Hutu, Tutsi, and Twa (Pygmy); made part of German East Africa in 1899; part of the Belgian territory of Ruanda-Urundi from 1923 until it became independent in 1962; ethnic violence has erupted at times between Hutu and Tutsi, as in Rwanda; consists mainly of high plateaus along the main Nile-Congo dividing range, dropping rapidly to the Great Rift Valley in the west. Official languages: Kirundi and French. Religion: Christian majority. Currency: Burundi franc. Capital: Bujumbura. Pop: 10 888 321 (2013 est). Area: 27 731 sq km (10 707 sq miles). Former name (until 1962): Urundi
a republic in central Africa, E of the Democratic Republic of the Congo: formerly the S part of the Belgian trust territory of Ruanda-Urundi; gained independence 1962. 5,735,937; 10,747 sq. mi. (27,834 sq. km). Cap.: Bujumbura.
Bu•run′di•an, adj., n.
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|Noun||1.||Burundi - a landlocked republic in east central Africa on the northeastern shore of Lake Tanganyika|
East Africa - a geographical area in eastern Africa
Bujumbura, capital of Burundi, Usumbura - the capital and largest city of Burundi; "Usumbura was renamed Bujumbura when Burundi became independent in 1962"
Africa - the second largest continent; located to the south of Europe and bordered to the west by the South Atlantic and to the east by the Indian Ocean
Hutu - a member of a Bantu people living in Rwanda and Burundi
Burundian - a native or inhabitant of Burundi
|Adj.||1.||Burundi - of or relating to or characteristic of Burundi or its people; "the Burundi capital"|