They were perceived as a kind of Riga's suburbs, a German-Latvian province, or a by-place
, sometimes completely cut off from the civilisation.
''When we feel his beams on our backs as we are treading some snowy dell, we are grateful as for a special kindness, and bless the sun which has followed us into that by-place
,'' he wrote.
There is another measure of employment by-place
of residence rather than by place of work - that picks up agricultural workers and sole proprietors.
And because the members thereof have not the lands which those evidences concern, they take no care of the evidences, but lay them in a by-place
expos'd to weather, and thereby are much perish'd, and become not legible.