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 (bĭz′ən-tēn′, -tīn′, bĭ-zăn′tĭn)
a. Of or relating to the ancient city of Byzantium.
b. Of or relating to the Byzantine Empire.
2. Of or belonging to the style of architecture developed from the fifth century ad in the Byzantine Empire, characterized especially by a central dome resting on a cube formed by four round arches and their pendentives and by the extensive use of surface decoration, especially veined marble panels, low relief carving, and colored glass mosaics.
3. Of the painting and decorative style developed in the Byzantine Empire, characterized by formality of design, frontal stylized presentation of figures, rich use of color, especially gold, and generally religious subject matter.
a. Of the Eastern Orthodox Church or the rites performed in it.
b. Of an Eastern Catholic church that maintains the worship of the Eastern Orthodox Church or the rites performed in it.
5. often byzantine
a. Of, relating to, or characterized by intrigue; scheming or devious: "a fine hand for Byzantine deals and cozy arrangements" (New York).
b. Highly complicated; intricate and involved: a bill to simplify the byzantine tax structure.
A native or inhabitant of Byzantium or the Byzantine Empire.


(bɪˈzænˌtaɪn; -ˌtiːn; baɪ-; ˈbɪzənˌtiːn; -ˌtaɪn)
1. (Historical Terms) of, characteristic of, or relating to Byzantium or the Byzantine Empire
2. (Eastern Church (Greek & Russian Orthodox)) of, relating to, or characterizing the Orthodox Church or its rites and liturgy
3. (Art Terms) of or relating to the highly coloured stylized form of religious art developed in the Byzantine Empire
4. (Architecture) of or relating to the style of architecture developed in the Byzantine Empire, characterized by massive domes with square bases, rounded arches, spires and minarets, and the extensive use of mosaics
5. (Languages) denoting the Medieval Greek spoken in the Byzantine Empire
6. (Historical Terms) denoting the Medieval Greek spoken in the Byzantine Empire
7. (of attitudes, etc) inflexible or complicated
8. (Placename) an inhabitant of Byzantium
9. (Peoples) an inhabitant of Byzantium
Byzantinism n


(ˈbɪz ənˌtin, -ˌtaɪn, ˈbaɪ zən-, bɪˈzæn tɪn)

1. of or pertaining to Byzantium or the Byzantine Empire.
2. of or in the style of architecture developed in the Byzantine Empire, characterized by masonry construction, round arches, low domes on pendentives, and the extensive use of mosaics.
3. (sometimes l.c.)
a. extremely complex or intricate.
b. characterized by elaborate scheming and intrigue, esp. to obtain political advantage.
4. a native or inhabitant of Byzantium.
[1590–1600; < Late Latin Bȳzantīnus of Byzantium; see -ine1]
ThesaurusAntonymsRelated WordsSynonymsLegend:
Noun1.Byzantine - a native or inhabitant of Byzantium or of the Byzantine Empire
Byzantine Empire, Eastern Roman Empire, Byzantium - a continuation of the Roman Empire in the Middle East after its division in 395
Byzantium - an ancient city on the Bosporus founded by the Greeks; site of modern Istanbul; in 330 Constantine I rebuilt the city and called it Constantinople and made it his capital
Asian, Asiatic - a native or inhabitant of Asia
Adj.1.Byzantine - of or relating to the Eastern Orthodox Church or the rites performed in it; "Byzantine monks"; "Byzantine rites"
2.Byzantine - of or relating to or characteristic of the Byzantine Empire or the ancient city of Byzantium
3.Byzantine - highly complex or intricate and occasionally devious; "the Byzantine tax structure"; "Byzantine methods for holding on to his chairmanship"; "convoluted legal language"; "convoluted reasoning"; "the plot was too involved"; "a knotty problem"; "got his way by labyrinthine maneuvering"; "Oh, what a tangled web we weave"- Sir Walter Scott; "tortuous legal procedures"; "tortuous negotiations lasting for months"
complex - complicated in structure; consisting of interconnected parts; "a complex set of variations based on a simple folk melody"; "a complex mass of diverse laws and customs"


also Byzantine
Difficult to understand because of intricacy:


A. ADJbizantino
B. Nbizantino/a m/f


nByzantiner(in) m(f)
References in classic literature ?
Even very clever people cannot tell the exact date at which the Roman Empire came to an end and the Greek or Byzantine Empire, as it is called, began.
The text of the poem is in a chaotic condition, and there are many interpolations, some of Byzantine date.
Mezeriac, the life of Aesop was from the pen of Maximus Planudes, a monk of Constantinople, who was sent on an embassy to Venice by the Byzantine Emperor Andronicus the elder, and who wrote in the early part of the fourteenth century.
"Because it sat for days and days in the robes of a Byzantine Empress to a painter.
It was a Byzantine cistern, which the popular fancy had endowed with fantastic vastness; and the legend which he read told that a boat was always moored at the entrance to tempt the unwary, but no traveller venturing into the darkness had ever been seen again.
You shall have it for fourpence--it's real silver.' I looked, and there he held a cross, just taken off his own neck, evidently, a large tin one, made after the Byzantine pattern.
Pierre to Chateaubriand, from Chateaubriand to Victor Hugo; it has no doubt some obscure relationship to those pantheistic theories which have greatly occupied people's minds in many modern readings of philosophy; it makes as much difference between the modern and the earlier landscape art as there is between the roughly outlined masks of a Byzantine mosaic and a portrait by Reynolds or Romney.
Some of the effects are very daring, approaching even to the boldest flights of the rococo, the sirocco, and the Byzantine schools--yet the master's hand never falters--it moves on, calm, majestic, confident--and, with that art which conceals art, it finally casts over the TOUT ENSEMBLE, by mysterious methods of its own, a subtle something which refines, subdues, etherealizes the arid components and endures them with the deep charm and gracious witchery of poesy.
I could not go into ecstasies over its coarse mosaics, its unlovely Byzantine architecture, or its five hundred curious interior columns from as many distant quarries.
* This is the same which is called, according to locality, climate, and races, Lombard, Saxon, or Byzantine. There are four sister and parallel architectures, each having its special character, but derived from the same origin, the round arch.
He did not lose his dignity; he said some civil words to Father Brown about the revival of Byzantine architecture in the Westminster Cathedral, and then, quite naturally, strolled out himself into the upper end of the passage.
I know that this Byzantine pile of chivalry or Fashion, which seems so fair and picturesque to those who look at the contemporary facts for science or for entertainment, is not equally pleasant to all spectators.