captive

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cap·tive

 (kăp′tĭv)
n.
1. One, such as a prisoner of war, who is forcibly confined, subjugated, or enslaved.
2. One held in the grip of a strong emotion or passion.
3. A subsidiary that serves only its parent company.
adj.
1. Taken and held prisoner, as in war.
2. Held in bondage; enslaved.
3. Kept under restraint or control; confined: captive birds.
4. Enraptured, as by beauty; captivated.
5. Restrained by circumstances that prevent free choice: a captive audience; a captive market.
6. Serving a single company exclusively: a captive insurer.

[Middle English captif, from Old French, from Latin captīvus, from captus, past participle of capere, to seize; see kap- in Indo-European roots.]

captive

(ˈkæptɪv)
n
1. a person or animal that is confined or restrained, esp a prisoner of war
2. a person whose behaviour is dominated by some emotion: a captive of love.
adj
3. held as prisoner
4. held under restriction or control; confined: captive water held behind a dam.
5. captivated; enraptured
6. unable by circumstances to avoid speeches, advertisements, etc (esp in the phrase captive audience)
[C14: from Latin captīvus, from capere to take]

cap•tive

(ˈkæp tɪv)

n.
1. a prisoner.
2. a person who is enslaved or dominated: a captive of one's own fears.
adj.
3. made or held prisoner, esp. in war.
4. kept in confinement or restraint: captive animals.
5. enslaved by love, beauty, etc.; captivated.
6. unable to avoid listening or attending to something: a captive audience.
[1300–50; Middle English (< Middle French) < Latin captīvus=capt(us), past participle of capere to take + -īvus -ive]
ThesaurusAntonymsRelated WordsSynonymsLegend:
Noun1.captive - a person who is confinedcaptive - a person who is confined; especially a prisoner of war
unfortunate, unfortunate person - a person who suffers misfortune
convict, yard bird, yardbird, con, inmate - a person serving a sentence in a jail or prison
detainee, political detainee - some held in custody
hostage, surety - a prisoner who is held by one party to insure that another party will meet specified terms
internee - a person who is interned; "the internees were enemy aliens and suspected terrorists"
political prisoner - someone who is imprisoned because of their political views
POW, prisoner of war - a person who surrenders to (or is taken by) the enemy in time of war
2.captive - an animal that is confined
animal, animate being, beast, creature, fauna, brute - a living organism characterized by voluntary movement
3.captive - a person held in the grip of a strong emotion or passion
emotional person - a person subject to strong states of emotion
Adj.1.captive - being in captivity
unfree - hampered and not free; not able to act at will
2.captive - giving or marked by complete attention to; "that engrossed look or rapt delight"; "then wrapped in dreams"; "so intent on this fantastic...narrative that she hardly stirred"- Walter de la Mare; "rapt with wonder"; "wrapped in thought"
attentive - (often followed by `to') giving care or attention; "attentive to details"; "the nurse was attentive to her patient"; "an attentive suitor"

captive

adjective
1. confined, caged, imprisoned, locked up, enslaved, incarcerated, ensnared, subjugated, penned, restricted Her heart had begun to pound inside her chest like a captive animal.
noun
1. prisoner, hostage, convict, prisoner of war, detainee, internee He described the difficulties of surviving for four months as a captive.
Translations
أسيرأَسيْر، سَبِي
zajateczajatý
fangefangetindespærret
اسير
vanki
zarobljenicazarobljenik
bezártelzártfogoly
fangifanginn, í haldi
belaisvisgrobėjasnelaisvėnelaisvėje laikomaspagauti
gūsteknissagūstīts
zajateczajatý
ujetnik

captive

[ˈkæptɪv]
A. ADJ [animal, bird, person] → cautivo
to take sb captivehacer prisionero a algn
to hold sb captivetener or mantener prisionero or cautivo a algn
he had a captive audiencela gente no tenía más remedio que escucharle
captive marketmercado m cautivo
B. Ncautivo/a m/f, preso/a m/f

captive

[ˈkæptɪv]
adj (= in captivity) [person] → prisonnier/ière; [animal] → captif/ive
ncaptif/ive m/f
to take sb captive → faire qn prisonnier
to hold sb captive → garder qn en captivitécaptive breeding nélevage m en captivitécaptive market nmarché m captif

captive

nGefangene(r) mf; to take somebody captivejdn gefangen nehmen; to hold somebody captivejdn gefangen halten; (fig)jdn fesseln, jdn gefangen nehmen
adj persongefangen; animal, birdin Gefangenschaft; in a captive statein Gefangenschaft f; a captive audienceein unfreiwilliges Publikum; captive breedingZucht f(von artbedrohten Tieren) in Gefangenschaft

captive

[ˈkæptɪv]
1. adj (person) → prigioniero/a; (animal) → in cattività
he had a captive audience → i presenti hanno dovuto ascoltarlo per forza
2. nprigioniero/a
to hold sb captive → tenere prigioniero qn

captive

(ˈkӕptiv) noun
a prisoner. Two of the captives escaped.
adjective
kept prisoner. captive soldiers; The children were taken/held captive.
capˈtivity noun
a state of being a prisoner, caged etc. animals in captivity in a zoo.
ˈcaptor noun
a person who captures someone. He managed to escape from his captors.
ˈcapture (-tʃə) verb
1. to take by force, skill etc. The soldiers captured the castle; Several animals were captured.
2. to take possession of (a person's attention etc). The story captured his imagination.
noun
1. the act of capturing.
2. something caught. A kangaroo was his most recent capture.
References in periodicals archive ?
Cnemon de traduire ses paroles pour les captifs >> (1,19,3).
Esto no resulta excepcional, porque "Les captifs de Longjumeau" aparecio en Los Anales de Buenos Aires, num.
Dans le meme temps, des nations amerindiennes semblent avoir developpe, des le XVIe siecle et notamment sur le territoire du Wisconsin, un trafic de captifs amerindiens pris au sein d'autres nations :
La situation se complexifie considerablement et les methodologies constituees elaborees a l'intention de publics captifs sont inadequates, inadaptees ou remises en question.
lt;<Le rachat des captifs romains tombes entre les Mains des barbares.
Furthermore, tensions in the labor market led to the replacement in the colonies of engaged labor from France with les captifs (captives).
ca [l'ordinateur] donne de la puissance a ce que tu es d'avance, si t'es quelqu'un qui pense, qui a une philosophie que l'eleve c'est un executant, qui fait des exercices, bien y en a des exerciseurs qui peuvent les rendre encore plus captifs qu'avant .
La diffusion de ces illusions est grandement facilitee par les nationalistes canadiens et quebecois, dont les intellectuels sont aussi captifs que leurs concitoyens.
Pour etre concurrentiel, le transport multimodal doit offrir des alternatives economiquement competitives aux flux habituellement captifs d'un mode de transport.
Les Francais, colonialistes jusqu'au bout, faisaient plus confiance aux captifs nazis qu'a leurs propres troupes algeriennes.
Mais on trouve egalement dans ces quartiers defavorises des nouveaux immigrants captifs d'un milieu qu'ils esperent quitter le plus tot possible, ainsi que des residents de longue date qui, deroutes par les changements recents et notamment la proximite de populations plus pauvres, se detachent de ces lieux dont ils souhaitent s'echapper.
Par ailleurs, l'Organisation internationale pour les migrations (OIM) a denonce vendredi la diffusion sur Facebook d'une video montrant 260 migrants somaliens et ethiopiens retenus captifs en Libye par des passeurs qui cherchent a obtenir des rancons de leurs familles.