cytotoxic T cell

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Related to CD8 T cells: CD4 T cells, Cytotoxic T lymphocytes

cytotoxic T cell

killer T cell


n.
a killer cell that destroys target cells only when specifically activated by helper T cells.
Compare natural killer cell.
ThesaurusAntonymsRelated WordsSynonymsLegend:
Noun1.cytotoxic T cell - T cell with CD8 receptor that recognizes antigens on the surface of a virus-infected cell and binds to the infected cell and kill it
T cell, T lymphocyte - a small lymphocyte developed in the thymus; it orchestrates the immune system's response to infected or malignant cells
References in periodicals archive ?
The company said 89Zr-Df-IAB22M2C is a first in class imaging agent that visualizes the immune system using non-invasive, whole-body in vivo PET imaging of CD8 T cells. Using its 'Minibody' platform, the technology targets and visualizes CD8+ T-cells to provide highly-specific, quantitative assessment of the immunological status of each cancer lesion within a patient, potentially enabling treatment to be tailored quickly and specifically to the needs of that patient.
AMPK a1 is activated by energy stress in T cells and functions to control the effector/memory transition stage of cytotoxic CD8 T cells. These immune effector cells have a key role to control the development and progression of tumours.
(19) An immune response is initiated by CMV-specific T cells, primarily CMV-specific CD8 T cells, triggered by an onset of viral replication, resulting in expansion of responsive cells.
Huang et al., "Infiltration of CD8 T cells and expression of PD-1 and PD-L1 in synovial sarcoma," Cancer Immunology Research, vol.
The binding between TCR on CD8 T cells and peptide/ MHC complexes on APC leads to T cell proliferation and differentiation.
Citation: Xiong Ni et al., "PD-L1 interacts with CD80 to regulate graft-versus-leukemia activity of donor CD8 T cells," Journal of Clinical Investigation, 2017; DOI: 10.1172/JCI91138
Lange et al., "CD8 T cells specific for human immunodeficiency virus, Epstein-Barr virus, and cytomegalovirus lack molecules for homing to lymphoid sites of infection," Blood, vol.
Selective expression of the interleukin 7 receptor identifies effector CD8 T cells that give rise to long-lived memory cells.
They found that those who avoided severe illness had more CD8 T cells, a type of virus-killing immune cell, in their blood at the start of the pandemic.
They found that those who fell more severely ill with flu had fewer CD8 T cells in their blood, and those who caught flu but had no symptoms or only mild symptoms had more of these cells.
Findings showed that people with good resistance had more CD8 T cells, a type of immune cell that kills viruses.