American' cluster corresponds to peoples from the Northwest (with a majority of Salishan, Penuti and Na-Dene speakers) while cluster (9) corresponds to peoples east of the Rocky Mountains speaking languages from different families (Algic, Caddoan
This is, for instance, the case of the following languages: Siouan (from the Macro-Siouan phylum), Algonquian (from the Macro-Algonquian phylum, probably the most extended family of native languages in North America), Muskhogean (of the Macro-Algonquian phylum), Salishan (to which Bella Coola belongs), Shoshonean (of the Uto-Aztecan family, the Numic-Plateau-Shoshonean group), Wakashan (to which belong Kwakiutl and Nootkan), Caddoan
(of the Macro-Siouan phylum), Athapascan(-eyak) (of the NaDene phylum, to which also belong Navajo and Chipewyan).
Billy Day, a Tunica/Biloxi, recently described the significance of the sun for Caddoan
The Caddo language of Oklahoma, a member of the Caddoan
language family, shares with Seneca a highly polysynthetic morphology, a high degree of fusion, and a morphological structure that has much in common with Seneca (Melnar 2004, Chafe 2005).
Diplomatic ritual took on distinctly Caddoan
1984 Paleopathology and the origins of maize agriculture in Lower Mississippi Valley and Caddoan
This constitutes the fundamental similarity across split-intransitive marking in the Yukatek case and in those split-S or fluid-S systems found, for example, in Hokan, Siouan, Caddoan
, and Iroquoian languages.
Within this vast region are two subregions, the High Plains and the Prairies, which were home to American Indian tribal groups from six language families - Siouan, Caddoan
, Algonquian, Athapascan, Uto-Aztecan, and Kiowa-Tanoan - plus the language isolate, Tonkawa.
She notes that scholars have often glossed the diverse languages and cultures of the Algonquian, Iroquoian, Caddoan
and Siouan peoples of North America under the label "Eastern Woodland Indians." Yet her own title, "Sisters of Pocahontas," glosses native women as well.
Perttula focuses the social and cultural changes among the Caddoan
Indians of the southern Mississippi valley resulting from trade with the French and Spaniards.