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A family of North American Indian languages spoken formerly in the Dakotas, Kansas, Nebraska, Texas, Oklahoma, Arkansas, and Louisiana and presently in North Dakota and Oklahoma.
American Heritage® Dictionary of the English Language, Fifth Edition. Copyright © 2016 by Houghton Mifflin Harcourt Publishing Company. Published by Houghton Mifflin Harcourt Publishing Company. All rights reserved.


(Languages) a family of Native American languages, including Pawnee, formerly spoken in a wide area of the Midwest, and probably distantly related to Siouan
Collins English Dictionary – Complete and Unabridged, 12th Edition 2014 © HarperCollins Publishers 1991, 1994, 1998, 2000, 2003, 2006, 2007, 2009, 2011, 2014


(ˈkæd oʊ ən)

a family of American Indian languages, including Arikara, Pawnee, and Caddo, spoken or formerly spoken in the Great Plains and adjacent areas of Arkansas and Louisiana.
Random House Kernerman Webster's College Dictionary, © 2010 K Dictionaries Ltd. Copyright 2005, 1997, 1991 by Random House, Inc. All rights reserved.
ThesaurusAntonymsRelated WordsSynonymsLegend:
Noun1.Caddoan - a family of North American Indian languages spoken widely in the Midwest by the Caddo
American-Indian language, Amerind, Amerindian language, American Indian, Indian - any of the languages spoken by Amerindians
Aricara, Arikara - the Caddoan language spoken by the Arikara
Pawnee - the Caddoan language spoken by the Pawnee
Wichita - the Caddoan language spoken by the Wichita
Based on WordNet 3.0, Farlex clipart collection. © 2003-2012 Princeton University, Farlex Inc.
References in periodicals archive ?
American' cluster corresponds to peoples from the Northwest (with a majority of Salishan, Penuti and Na-Dene speakers) while cluster (9) corresponds to peoples east of the Rocky Mountains speaking languages from different families (Algic, Caddoan, Sioux-Katawba).
This is, for instance, the case of the following languages: Siouan (from the Macro-Siouan phylum), Algonquian (from the Macro-Algonquian phylum, probably the most extended family of native languages in North America), Muskhogean (of the Macro-Algonquian phylum), Salishan (to which Bella Coola belongs), Shoshonean (of the Uto-Aztecan family, the Numic-Plateau-Shoshonean group), Wakashan (to which belong Kwakiutl and Nootkan), Caddoan (of the Macro-Siouan phylum), Athapascan(-eyak) (of the NaDene phylum, to which also belong Navajo and Chipewyan).
Billy Day, a Tunica/Biloxi, recently described the significance of the sun for Caddoan people.
The Caddo language of Oklahoma, a member of the Caddoan language family, shares with Seneca a highly polysynthetic morphology, a high degree of fusion, and a morphological structure that has much in common with Seneca (Melnar 2004, Chafe 2005).
This constitutes the fundamental similarity across split-intransitive marking in the Yukatek case and in those split-S or fluid-S systems found, for example, in Hokan, Siouan, Caddoan, and Iroquoian languages.
Within this vast region are two subregions, the High Plains and the Prairies, which were home to American Indian tribal groups from six language families - Siouan, Caddoan, Algonquian, Athapascan, Uto-Aztecan, and Kiowa-Tanoan - plus the language isolate, Tonkawa.
She notes that scholars have often glossed the diverse languages and cultures of the Algonquian, Iroquoian, Caddoan and Siouan peoples of North America under the label "Eastern Woodland Indians." Yet her own title, "Sisters of Pocahontas," glosses native women as well.
Perttula focuses the social and cultural changes among the Caddoan Indians of the southern Mississippi valley resulting from trade with the French and Spaniards.