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A family of North American Indian languages spoken formerly in the Dakotas, Kansas, Nebraska, Texas, Oklahoma, Arkansas, and Louisiana and presently in North Dakota and Oklahoma.


(Languages) a family of Native American languages, including Pawnee, formerly spoken in a wide area of the Midwest, and probably distantly related to Siouan


(ˈkæd oʊ ən)

a family of American Indian languages, including Arikara, Pawnee, and Caddo, spoken or formerly spoken in the Great Plains and adjacent areas of Arkansas and Louisiana.
ThesaurusAntonymsRelated WordsSynonymsLegend:
Noun1.Caddoan - a family of North American Indian languages spoken widely in the Midwest by the Caddo
American-Indian language, Amerind, Amerindian language, American Indian, Indian - any of the languages spoken by Amerindians
Aricara, Arikara - the Caddoan language spoken by the Arikara
Pawnee - the Caddoan language spoken by the Pawnee
Wichita - the Caddoan language spoken by the Wichita
References in periodicals archive ?
Day's comments, recorded in the documentary series 500 Nations, served to illustrate the centrality of the sun among ancient Caddoans, but it also hinted at change over time as well as resistance to that change.
His answer is that the acquisition of horses was not the primary motive for Comanche migration; rather, it was an elaborate and expanding kinship network with Utes, New Mexicans, various Pueblo Indians, and eventually Caddoans who brought them there.
Northeastern Texas at one time supported a large population of Caddoans.
Perttula argues that mound-building southern Caddoans, whom he has identified as those people collectively known by the nineteenth century as belonging to the Kadohadacho, Hasinal, and Natchitoches confederacies, occupied a geographic area including southwestern Missouri, western Arkansas, eastern Oklahoma, northeastern Texas and northwestern Louisiana.