cadmium

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cad·mi·um

 (kăd′mē-əm)
n. Symbol Cd
A soft, bluish-white metallic element occurring primarily in zinc, copper, and lead ores, that is easily cut with a knife and is used in nickel-cadmium storage batteries, rustproof electroplating, nuclear reactor shields, solders, and in low-friction, fatigue-resistant alloys. Atomic number 48; atomic weight 112.41; melting point 321.1°C; boiling point 767°C; specific gravity 8.65; valence 2. See Periodic Table.

[Latin cadmīa, calamine (the ore of zinc from which cadmium was first extracted as an impurity) (from Greek kadmeia (gē), Theban (earth), from Kadmos, Cadmus; see Cadmus) + -ium.]

cad′mic (-mĭk) adj.

cadmium

(ˈkædmɪəm)
n
(Elements & Compounds) a malleable ductile toxic bluish-white metallic element that occurs in association with zinc ores. It is used in electroplating, alloys, and as a neutron absorber in the control of nuclear fission. Symbol: Cd; atomic no: 48; atomic wt: 112.411; valency: 2; relative density: 8.65; melting pt: 321.1°C; boiling pt: 767°C
[C19: from New Latin, from Latin cadmīa zinc ore, calamine, referring to the fact that both calamine and cadmium are found in the ore]

cad•mi•um

(ˈkæd mi əm)

n.
a white, ductile, divalent metallic element resembling tin, used in plating and in making certain alloys. Symbol: Cd; at. wt.: 112.41; at. no.: 48; sp. gr.: 8.6 at 20°C.
[< German Kadmium (1817) < Latin cadm(īa) zinc oxide]
cad′mic, adj.

cad·mi·um

(kăd′mē-əm)
Symbol Cd A rare, bluish-white metallic element that occurs mainly in small amounts in zinc ores. It is soft and easily cut with a knife. Cadmium is plated onto other metals and alloys to prevent corrosion, and it is used to make rechargeable batteries and nuclear reactors. Atomic number 48. See Periodic Table.
ThesaurusAntonymsRelated WordsSynonymsLegend:
Noun1.cadmium - a soft bluish-white ductile malleable toxic bivalent metallic elementcadmium - a soft bluish-white ductile malleable toxic bivalent metallic element; occurs in association with zinc ores
metal, metallic element - any of several chemical elements that are usually shiny solids that conduct heat or electricity and can be formed into sheets etc.
calamine, hemimorphite - a white mineral; a common ore of zinc
Translations
кадмий
kadmium
kadmium
kaadmium
kadmium
kadmij
kadmium
kadmín
カドミウム
cadmium
kadmis
cadmium
kadm
cadmiu
kadmium
kadmij
kadmium

cadmium

[ˈkædmɪəm] Ncadmio m

cadmium

[ˈkædmiəm] ncadmium m

cadmium

nKadmium nt, → Cadmium nt

cadmium

n cadmio
References in periodicals archive ?
[20] An itai-itai model can be made in rats by long-term IV injection of cadmium chloride. [20] Exposure to occupational or relatively low environmental levels of cadmium appears to be a determinant for the development of end-stage renal disease.
Signs and symptoms of "itai-itai" disease comprise of osteomalacia and alarming osteoporosis with concurrent grievous renal dysfunction.Cd levels in urine, blood, faeces, hair, kidney, liver and different tissues have been utilised as biological indicators of cadmium exposure.13 Based on an extensive exposure to this toxic metal this study was designed to observe the morphological changes in kidneys of Albino Mice induced by different doses of oral preparations of anhydrous cadmium chloride.
For this purpose, different aqueous concentrations of cadmium chloride i.e.
The first modification involved using commercially available cadmium salts, in particular cadmium acetate, cadmium chloride, cadmium nitrate, and cadmium sulfate.
Cadmium chloride (Cd[Cl.sub.2]) was obtained from Oxford Laboratory, Mumbai, India, and solubilized in normal saline.
The solutions used in this work were prepared with the following PA reagents, brand Nuclear: Cd[Cl.sub.2] * [H.sub.2]O (cadmium chloride hydrate), Zn[Cl.sub.2] (zinc chloride), [HNO.sub.3] (nitric acid) and NaOH (sodium hydroxide).
Control mice received water alone and LDC-exposed mice received drinking water that dissolved 100 nM cadmium chloride (Sigma Aldrich Inc., St.
Significant alterations were observed after the treatment of high and low dose of cadmium chloride injected to Larus argentatus.
Stock solution (1000 ppm) of Cd was prepared in de-ionized water by using analytical grade cadmium chloride (CdCl2.H2O).
The aim of this study was to determine the effect of pre-treatment with either low doses, or homoeopathic potencies, of cadmium chloride on the ability of normal lymphocyte or cancerous lymphocyte cultures to withstand exposure to toxic doses of cadmium.