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Related to Caesalpinia sappan: Sappan wood


or sa·pan·wood  (sə-păn′wo͝od′, săp′ăn-, -ən-)
1. A tree (Caesalpina sappan) in the pea family, native to tropical Asia, having wood that yields a red dye.
2. The wood of this tree.

[Malay sapang + wood.]
American Heritage® Dictionary of the English Language, Fifth Edition. Copyright © 2016 by Houghton Mifflin Harcourt Publishing Company. Published by Houghton Mifflin Harcourt Publishing Company. All rights reserved.




1. (Plants) a small leguminous tree, Caesalpinia sappan, of S Asia producing wood that yields a red dye
2. (Plants) the wood of this tree
Also called: sappan or sapan
[C16: sapan, via Dutch from Malay sapang]
Collins English Dictionary – Complete and Unabridged, 12th Edition 2014 © HarperCollins Publishers 1991, 1994, 1998, 2000, 2003, 2006, 2007, 2009, 2011, 2014
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References in periodicals archive ?
Caesalpinia sappan or known as secang in Indonesia is a flowering tree from Leguminosae family which wide-distributed throughout Southeast Asia.
An illustration from Volume 1, Caesalpinia sappan (figure 1), depicts a source of valuable red dye.
The Scientific World Journal has retracted the article titled "PASS-Predicted Hepatoprotective Activity of Caesalpinia sappan in Thioacetamide-Induced Liver Fibrosis in Rats" [1].
Kang, "Simultaneous determination of brazilin and protosappanin B in Caesalpinia sappan by ionic-liquid dispersive liquid-phase microextraction method combined with HPLC," Chemistry Central Journal, vol.
Tewtrakul, "Anti-allergic activity of principles from the roots and heartwood of caesalpinia sappan on antigeninduced [micro]-hexosaminidase release," Phytotherapy Research, vol.
Modern research has shown that the ethyl acetate extract of Caesalpinia sappan can promote blood circulation to remove blood stasis and can restrain inflammation [9].
Otero et al., "Caesalpinia sappan extract inhibits IL1[beta]-mediated overexpression of matrix metalloproteinases in human chondrocytes," Genes and Nutrition, vol.
Compounds Uses Seeds of Phaseolus angularis Wight Anti-inflammation Bark of Cinnamomum cassia Blume " Dried roots Asparagus " cochinchinensis Merrill Aerial of Houttuynia cordata Thunb " Roots of Scutellaria " baicalensis Georgi Aerial part of Andrographis " paniculata The fruits of Forsythia " koreana Nakai Dried heart wood of " Caesalpinia sappan L.
Song et al., "Deoxysappanone B, a homoisoflavone from the Chinese medicinal plant Caesalpinia sappan L., protects neurons from microglia-mediated inflammatory injuries via inhibition of I[kappa]B kinase (IKK)-NF-[kappa]B and p38/ERK MAPK pathways," European Journal of Pharmacology, vol.
In vitro anti-influenza viral activities of constituents from Caesalpinia sappan Planta Med., 75: 337-9
Several plants like Sanguisorba officinalis, Rosa chinensis, Milletia dielsania, Polygonum cuspidatum, Caesalpinia sappan, and Sophora japonica have been shown to have high antioxidant activities and total phenolic contents, and thus can play a role in the prevention and treatment of cardiovascular and cerebrovascular diseases (Gan et al., 2010).