Also found in: Thesaurus, Encyclopedia, Wikipedia.


the theory that the state should have authority over the church in ecclesiastical matters; Erastianism
[C19: from Caesar (in the sense: temporal ruler) + Ecclesiastical Latin papa Pope1 + -ism]
ThesaurusAntonymsRelated WordsSynonymsLegend:
Noun1.Caesaropapism - the doctrine that the state is supreme over the church in ecclesiastical matters
theological doctrine - the doctrine of a religious group
References in periodicals archive ?
But the king's panel also makes the earliest and most explicit visual statement of two fundamental claims of the Norman monarchy, constantly thereafter repeated in the art and architecture of the kingdom: christomemesis, the idea that the earthly king imitates the king of heaven; and caesaropapism, the assertion that the king possessed supreme authority over both church and state, without the intervention of the Pope of Rome.
Some kinder 20th-century scholars have offered modest corrections to the conventional narrative, denying the accusation of caesaropapism and celebrating Byzantine art and culture, but no one has gone as far as Kaldellis in asserting the secular basis of Byzantine politics or in demonstrating the blindness of Western historians who only understand politics according to Enlightenment categories of thought.
This is perfectly understandable in a country which has no epic historical experience with caesaropapism, reformation, counter-reformation, revolutions and indigenously thought out political systems like in Europe and where religion is embedded in its mainstream culture as an inadequate natural-given that discourages dissent and tough questioning in the matters of belief from above.
Yet as the oldest carrier of the Byzantine tradition of Caesaropapism, or Church-state collaboration, Greek bishops know how to act as a moderating force and thus reinforce the general effects of Greece's EU membership", Peter J.