Presenting date from the Grossmann site (11S1131), a Cahokian
settlement that was excavated in its entirety, Alt argues that it was a Cahokian
administrative center where processes such as hybridity intertwined with ritual and politics.
"Water, Serpents, and the Underworld: An Exploration into Cahokian
Symbolism." Galloway 45-92.
civilization through industrialization, Illinois' history is vast, varied, and integral to understanding core themes in American history.
Europeans take retrospective authority to define ancient Indigenous knowledge within the congruence paradigm, such as the possibility of Cahokian
fiefdoms (O'Brien 1989).
By utilizing a broad time scale, Chappell is seeking to portray the humanization of the Cahokian
landscape as successive civilizations have given it form and meaning.
Contemporaneous with the Cahokian
mound builders in 1492, whaling peoples on the Northwest coast, nomadic tribes in the interior, cliff dwellers in the Southwest, and numerous other nations dwelled in these lands.
(14) They are clearly within the Cahokian
sphere of influence or periphery, the site of the largest earthwork north of Mexico and a town more populous than London a thousand years ago.