New Caledonia(redirected from Calédonien)
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A French overseas territory in the southwest Pacific Ocean consisting of the island of New Caledonia and several smaller islands. The island of New Caledonia was sighted and named by Capt. James Cook in 1774 and annexed by France in 1853. It was a penal colony from 1864 to 1922. Nouméa is the capital.
(Placename) an island in the SW Pacific, east of Australia: forms, with its dependencies, a French Overseas Country; discovered by Captain Cook in 1774; rich mineral resources. Capital: Nouméa. Pop: 264 022 (2013 est). Area: 19 103 sq km (7374 miles). French name: Nouvelle-Calédonie
1. an island in the S Pacific, ab. 800 mi. (1290 km) E of Australia. 127,885; 6224 sq. mi. (16,120 sq. km).
2. an overseas territory of France comprising this island and other smaller islands: formerly a penal colony. 187,784; 7200 sq. mi. (18,650 sq. km). Cap.: Nouméa.