calcium

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Related to Calcium homeostasis: calcitonin

cal·ci·um

 (kăl′sē-əm)
n. Symbol Ca
A silvery, moderately hard alkaline-earth metal that constitutes approximately 3.6 percent of the earth's crust and is a basic component of most animals and plants. It occurs naturally in limestone, gypsum, and fluorite, and its compounds are used to make plaster, quicklime, Portland cement, and metallurgic and electronic materials. Atomic number 20; atomic weight 40.08; melting point 842°C; boiling point 1,484°C; specific gravity 1.54; valence 2. See Periodic Table.

[Latin calx, calc-, lime; see calx + -ium.]

calcium

(ˈkælsɪəm)
n
(Elements & Compounds) a malleable silvery-white metallic element of the alkaline earth group; the fifth most abundant element in the earth's crust (3.6 per cent), occurring esp as forms of calcium carbonate. It is an essential constituent of bones and teeth and is used as a deoxidizer in steel. Symbol: Ca; atomic no: 20; atomic wt: 40.078; valency: 2; relative density: 1.55; melting pt: 842±2°C; boiling pt: 1494°C
[C19: from New Latin, from Latin calx lime]

cal•ci•um

(ˈkæl si əm)

n.
a silver-white divalent metal, combined in limestone, chalk, etc., occurring also in animals in bone, shell, etc. Symbol: Ca; at. wt.: 40.08; at. no.: 20; sp. gr.: 1.55 at 20°C.
[1808; < Latin calc-, s. of calx lime, limestone + New Latin -ium -ium2]

cal·ci·um

(kăl′sē-əm)
Symbol Ca A silvery-white, moderately hard metallic element that is an alkaline-earth metal and occurs in minerals such as limestone and gypsum. It is a basic component of leaves, bones, teeth, and shells, and is essential for the normal growth and development of most animals and plants. Calcium is used to make plaster, cement, and alloys. Atomic number 20. See Periodic Table.
ThesaurusAntonymsRelated WordsSynonymsLegend:
Noun1.calcium - a white metallic element that burns with a brilliant lightcalcium - a white metallic element that burns with a brilliant light; the fifth most abundant element in the earth's crust; an important component of most plants and animals
metal, metallic element - any of several chemical elements that are usually shiny solids that conduct heat or electricity and can be formed into sheets etc.
fluor, fluorite, fluorspar - a soft mineral (calcium fluoride) that is fluorescent in ultraviolet light; chief source of fluorine
gypsum - a common white or colorless mineral (hydrated calcium sulphate) used to make cements and plasters (especially plaster of Paris)
burnt lime, calcined lime, calcium oxide, calx, fluxing lime, quicklime, unslaked lime, lime - a white crystalline oxide used in the production of calcium hydroxide
limestone - a sedimentary rock consisting mainly of calcium that was deposited by the remains of marine animals
calcium ion, factor IV - ion of calcium; a factor in the clotting of blood
Translations
فِلِز الكِلْسكَالْسِيُوم
калций
vápník
calciumkalcium
kalcio
kaltsium
kalsium
kalcij
kalcium
kalsínkalsíum
カルシウム
칼슘
kalcis
kalcijs
calciu
vápnikvápník
kalcij
kalcium
แคลเซียม
canxi

calcium

[ˈkælsɪəm]
A. Ncalcio m
B. CPD calcium carbonate Ncarbonato m de calcio
calcium chloride Ncloruro m de calcio

calcium

[ˈkælsɪəm] ncalcium m

calcium

nKalzium nt, → Calcium nt

calcium

[ˈkælsɪəm] n (Chem) → calcio

calcium

(ˈkӕlsiəm) noun
an element of which one compound (calcium carbonate) forms limestone, chalk etc.

calcium

كَالْسِيُوم vápník calcium Kalzium ασβέστιο calcio kalsium calcium kalcij calcio カルシウム 칼슘 calcium kalsium wapń cálcio кальций kalcium แคลเซียม kalsiyum canxi

cal·ci·um

n. calcio, sustancia mineral necesaria en el desarrollo de los huesos y tejidos;
___ carbonatecarbonato cálcico.

calcium

n calcio; — carbonate carbonato cálcico or de calcio; — gluconate gluconato de calcio
References in periodicals archive ?
This creates a one-two punch that affects calcium homeostasis.
In this patient, CC is within reference range; indicating that the patient's calcium homeostasis is normal.
Primary hyperparathyroidism (PHPT) occurs as a result of unregulated over-production of parathyroid hormone (PTH) secreted from the parathyroid glands, leading to an inappropriate calcium homeostasis.
Chronic heart failure (HF) is a progressive, multifactorial, and debilitating disease that is often characterized by the impairment of systolic function and the loss of calcium homeostasis due to insufficient reuptake of calcium ions back into sarcoplasmic reticulum (SR) using Ca [sup]2+-ATPase and/or insufficient inflow of calcium ions into myocytes through using Na [sup]+/Ca [sup]2+ exchanger.
Both the PTH and the phosphate concentrations were correspondingly decreased, illustrating that this patient had intact feedback mechanisms regulating calcium homeostasis and ruling out primary hyperparathyroidism.
Any changes in calcium homeostasis observed during the study were minor and not clinically relevant, and no abnormal values were noted in measured serum and urinary calcium parameters.
This is not quite the same mechanism as bony creatures use with the hydroxyapatite in their bones (Prince 1994), because the hormones and enzymes involved in calcium homeostasis are quite different.
An intracellular calcium concentration overload and a disturbance in calcium homeostasis may cause cytotoxicity and consequently also trigger apoptosis [1].
2+] waves in primary cultures of astrocytes [20] and regulated calcium homeostasis in microglial cells [21].
Despite VDI's crucial role in calcium homeostasis, VDI stone formers are rarely prescribed VDCS due to the possibility that it may increase urinary calcium excretion and promote urolithiasis.
Biochemical markers of calcium homeostasis were also measured throughout the trial.