dolomite(redirected from Calcium magnesium carbonate)
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1. A white or light-colored mineral, essentially CaMg(CO3)2, used in fertilizer, as a furnace refractory, and as a construction and ceramic material.
2. A magnesia-rich sedimentary rock resembling limestone.
[French, after Déodat de Dolomieu (1750-1801), French geologist.]
dol′o·mit′ic (-mĭt′ĭk) adj.
dol′o·mit′i·za′tion (-mĭt′ĭ-zā′shən) n.
dol′o·mit·ize′ (-mĭ-tīz′) v.
1. (Minerals) a white mineral often tinted by impurities, found in sedimentary rocks and veins. It is used in the manufacture of cement and as a building stone (marble). Composition: calcium magnesium carbonate. Formula: CaMg(CO3)2. Crystal structure: hexagonal (rhombohedral)
2. (Geological Science) a sedimentary rock resembling limestone but consisting principally of the mineral dolomite. It is an important source of magnesium and its compounds, and is used as a building material and refractory
[C18: named after Déodat de Dolomieu (1750–1801), French mineralogist]
do•lo•mite(ˈdoʊ ləˌmaɪt, ˈdɒl ə-)
1. a very common mineral, calcium magnesium carbonate, CaMg(CO3)2, occurring in crystals and in masses.
2. a rock consisting essentially or largely of this mineral.
[1785–95; < French, after Dutch. de Dolom(ieu) (1750–1801), French mineralogist; see -ite1]
dol•o•mit•ic (ˌdɒl əˈmɪt ɪk) adj.
1. A gray, pink, or white mineral consisting mainly of a carbonate of calcium and magnesium. Dolomite occurs as rhombohedral crystals with a pearly to glassy luster. It is a common rock-forming mineral.
2. A sedimentary rock containing more than 50 percent of the mineral dolomite by weight.
A mineral or sedimentary rock made of calcium magnesium carbonate.
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|Noun||1.||dolomite - a kind of sedimentary rock resembling marble or limestone but rich in magnesium carbonate|
|2.||dolomite - a light colored mineral consisting of calcium magnesium carbonate; a source of magnesium; used as a ceramic and as fertilizer|
atomic number 12, magnesium, Mg - a light silver-white ductile bivalent metallic element; in pure form it burns with brilliant white flame; occurs naturally only in combination (as in magnesite and dolomite and carnallite and spinel and olivine)
mineral - solid homogeneous inorganic substances occurring in nature having a definite chemical composition