kidney stone

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kidney stone

n.
A small hard mass in the kidney that forms from deposits chiefly of phosphates and urates.
American Heritage® Dictionary of the English Language, Fifth Edition. Copyright © 2016 by Houghton Mifflin Harcourt Publishing Company. Published by Houghton Mifflin Harcourt Publishing Company. All rights reserved.

kidney stone

n
1. (Pathology) pathol Also called: renal calculus a hard mass formed in the kidney, usually composed of oxalates, phosphates, and carbonates
2. (Minerals) mineralogy another name for nephrite
Collins English Dictionary – Complete and Unabridged, 12th Edition 2014 © HarperCollins Publishers 1991, 1994, 1998, 2000, 2003, 2006, 2007, 2009, 2011, 2014

kid′ney stone`


n.
a stony mineral concretion formed abnormally in the kidney.
[1945–50]
Random House Kernerman Webster's College Dictionary, © 2010 K Dictionaries Ltd. Copyright 2005, 1997, 1991 by Random House, Inc. All rights reserved.
ThesaurusAntonymsRelated WordsSynonymsLegend:
Noun1.kidney stone - a calculus formed in the kidney
calculus, concretion - a hard lump produced by the concretion of mineral salts; found in hollow organs or ducts of the body; "renal calculi can be very painful"
Based on WordNet 3.0, Farlex clipart collection. © 2003-2012 Princeton University, Farlex Inc.
Translations
cálculo renal
munuaiskivivirtsakivi
calcolo renale
niersteen
kamień nerkowy
piatră la rinichi
njursten

kidney stone

ncalcolo renale
Collins Italian Dictionary 1st Edition © HarperCollins Publishers 1995
References in periodicals archive ?
Based on type, the kidney stone market can be segmented into calcium stones, uric acid, struvite kidney stones, and cystine stones.
Calcium stones are usually in the form of calcium oxalate, but they also occur in the form of calcium phosphate.
Potassium citrate (Urocit-K) is indicated for the management of renal tubular acidosis with calcium stones, hypocitraturic calcium oxalate with nephrolithiasis of any etiology, and uric acid lithiasis with or without calcium stones.
Calcium Stones: Calcium Oxalate and Calcium Phosphate.
Hyperinsulinemia caused by insulin resistance may lead to the formation of calcium stones by increasing the urinary excretion of calcium.
Nondairy animal proteins may also increase the risk of calcium stones by increasing the excretion of calcium and reducing the excretion of citrate into the urine.
* The low citrate and elevated calcium in the urine can lead to the creation of calcium stones
* Calcium stones are the most common and occur in two major forms: calcium phosphate and calcium oxalate.
NIDDK, which is part of the US medical research agency National Institutes of Health, said that animal protein may also raise the risk of calcium stones by increasing the excretion of calcium and reducing the excretion of citrate into the urine.
Imaging exams are also helpful when trying to distinguish between uric acid and calcium stones. Single- and dual-energy computed tomography (CT) scans have demonstrated promising results; (7) however, protocols for imaging acquisition and interpretation are not available in most of hospitals yet, thus preventing widespread use of this technology.
Working on marble or other calcium stones while dry can also cause an inhalation hazard.
PREVENTION AND DIETARY MEASURES: For calcium stones, drinking lots of fluids, thiazide diuretics and citrate are effective.