Restored by order of the Caliph Omar
, it was definitely destroyed in 761 or 762 by Caliph Al-Mansor, who wished to prevent the arrival of provisions to Mohammed-ben-Abdallah, who had revolted against him.
From the writings of Arab historian Abu Al-Walid Al-Azraqi, it is known that Muslim Caliph Omar
ibn Al-Khattab had the Kaaba draped with a light, white Egyptian cloth called Al-Qabbati, after sending a request to Amr ibn Al-Aas, governor of Egypt at the time, according to Egyptian history researcher Abdelmajid Abdel Aziz.
The mosque's actual building dates back to the reign of Islamic Caliph Omar
ibn Al Khattab.
The city was built in 636 by the Rashidoun Caliph Omar
Bin Al Khattab, first used as a camping spot for his troops in their battles to spread the Islamic faith.
rode north and in 638 reached Jerusalem which he entered wearing not the armour of a conqueror but the white linen of a pilgrim.
Some Shia mosques in Iran organize festivities on the anniversary of the killing of the Caliph Omar
, sacred to the Sunnis, and celebrate his assassin, who is said to have been of Iranian descent.
- The canal linking the Nile to the Red Sea proposed by Caliph Omar
He had set before himself caliph Omar
's administration as a model to be copied.
State authorities are simple public servants; they just receive the determined amount of salaries; the figures they need to take as models include the Prophet Muhammad and Caliph Omar
. They cannot make arbitrary rules to punish their opponents.
A poignant message for all political leaders are the words of Caliph Omar
: "If a dog dies hungry on the banks of the River Euphrates, Omar will be responsible for dereliction of duty." Alas, this is 2014 and the SAARC political leadership leaves much to be desired.
Of the two articles, in the first I relied on the Quran alone, and in the second, the Prophet's covenant with the Christians of Najran, and the Caliph Omar
's promise to the Christians of Jerusalem.
Amr ibn Al-As, the Arab military commander who is most noted for leading the Muslim conquest of Egypt in 640 AD, by order of Caliph Omar
, was the first Arab conqueror of Egypt.