Calvin cycle


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Calvin cycle

n.
A series of chemical reactions that occur as part of photosynthesis, in which carbon is broken away from gaseous carbon dioxide and fixed as organic carbon in compounds that are ultimately converted into sugars.

[After Melvin Calvin.]
American Heritage® Dictionary of the English Language, Fifth Edition. Copyright © 2016 by Houghton Mifflin Harcourt Publishing Company. Published by Houghton Mifflin Harcourt Publishing Company. All rights reserved.

Calvin cycle

n
(Botany) botany a series of reactions, occurring during photosynthesis, in which glucose is synthesized from carbon dioxide
[C20: named after Melvin Calvin, who elucidated it]
Collins English Dictionary – Complete and Unabridged, 12th Edition 2014 © HarperCollins Publishers 1991, 1994, 1998, 2000, 2003, 2006, 2007, 2009, 2011, 2014
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"In plants, long term storage in the form of only sugars is produced by a subsequent sequence of light--independent reactions called the Calvin cycle." So, since I've been around before the Greeks, I'm not sure why people, dogs and cats, don't listen to my message.
This radiotracer allowed Calvin to elucidate how plants use carbon dioxide in the process of photosynthesis, a process now known as the 'Calvin Cycle'.
In C3 plants, CO2 fixation and reduction via the Calvin cycle operates in the chloroplasts of mesophyll cells (MC), and the NADPH required for CO2 reduction also comes from MC.
Among the pathways most often studied are glycolysis, the citric acid cycle (tricarboxylic acid [TCA] or Krebs cycle), gluconeogenesis, the C3 (Calvin cycle) and C4 pathways of C[O.sub.2] fixation, the [beta]-oxidation cycle of fatty acid degradation, and the urea cycle.
It also lacks the Calvin cycle, which uses the carbon from carbon dioxide to build sugars, and it is unable to synthesize about half of the 20 essential amino acids."This thing is really stripped down," said James Tripp, a bioinformatics specialist at UCSC and lead author of the Nature paper.
The actual metabolic procedure, as shown in Figure 10-5, has been named the Calvin cycle. Then sugars were extracted and spotted onto large sheets of filter paper for a testing process called paper chromatography.
The C[O.sub.2] is refixed by Rubisco in the Calvin Cycle, as in [C.sub.3] plants, whereas pyruvate diffuses back to the MC to be converted to PEP by PPDK (pyruvate, orthophosphate dikinase), thus completing the [C.sub.4] cycle.
The process by which [CO.sub.2] is converted into sugars like glucose is known as the Calvin cycle. It was named after Melvin Calvin, a US scientist who played a pioneering role in mapping the complete carbon path in photosynthesis -- but Nature has a few twists for this particular life cycle.
Nevertheless, I usually follow this play with other in-class activities that demonstrate the reactions leading to the final products of both the photochemical reactions and the Calvin Cycle (Firooznia, 2007).