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n. pl. ca·lyp·sos
A terrestrial orchid (Calypso bulbosa) native to northern temperate regions, having a rose-pink flower with an inflated pouchlike lip usually marked with white, purple, and yellow.
[Probably Latin Calypsō, Calypso; see Calypso1.]
n. Greek Mythology
A sea nymph who delayed Odysseus on her island, Ogygia, for seven years.
Ca·lyp·so 2or ca·lyp·so (kə-lĭp′sō)
n. pl. Ca·lyp·sos or ca·lyp·sos also Ca·lyp·soes or ca·lyp·soes
A type of music that originated in the West Indies, notably in Trinidad, and is characterized by improvised lyrics on topical or broadly humorous subjects.
[Probably alteration (influenced by Calypso, in reference to the nymph's island home) of Caribbean English kaliso, variant of kariso, variant of kaiso, bravo (shout of approval for a Calypsonian's performance), Calypso music, from ka iso!, shout of encouragement with which West Indian slaves accompanied singers singing satirical songs about plantation owners and overseers, from Efik ka isu, go on (imperative form) (from ka, go, advance + isu, face, front, forward), and its Ibibio equivalent kaa iso.]
Ca·lyp·so′ni·an (kə-lĭp-sō′nē-ən, kăl′ĭp-) n.
(Music, other) a performer or writer of calypsos