The "Colonel Cavalier'"mentioned in a letter to the Duke of Newcastle in January 1726/7 (177) is described as "a French officer, who wrote his own Memoirs, and the History of the Civil Wars, in the Cevennes, in the Reign of Lewis XIV." There is no entry for Cavalier to provide clarification in the index, but presumably this is Jean Cavalier (1681-1740), a Camisard
leader who became an English general in 1735 and, in 1738, was appointed lieutenant governor of Jersey.
It will become the standard text in any language on the Camisard
War of 1702-1704, which opposed royal troops of "church and state" to the Protestant rebels of the Cevennes, in south central France, north of Montpellier and south of the Mont-Lozere.
(39) Caroline Jacot-Grapa proposes some interesting parallels between religious enthusiasm as experienced by the Camisards
and aesthetic enthusiasm as conceived by Diderot and Rousseau; see "Le camisard
et le philosophe: sur l'enthousiasme" in Les Extremites des emotions.
In From a Far Country, Catharine Randall attempts to enhance the transatlantic narrative of French Protestantism by linking the Camisard
experiences of persecution, piety, and prophecy in France with Huguenot experiences of immigration, adaptation, and survival in New England.
(Confessions of a Justified Sinner, a 1995 video installation, mirrors, slows down and inverts a sequence from Rouben Mamoulian's 1931 film of Stevenson's novel Dr Jekyll and Mr Hyde; while Black Spot, a series of photographs made by the artist in 2000, was inspired by the 'black spot', the harbinger of doom in Treasure Island.) Travels with a Donkey in the Cevennes (1879) is Stevenson's chronicle of a journey in the southern French mountain range where 'the tyranny of the Church produced the Camisard
rebellion', an early 18th-century uprising of local Protestants of which Stevenson, himself brought up in a Protestant household, wrote sympathetically.
It is simply not true to say that "it is usually argued that militancy of any sort was alien to the Huguenots as a group," (98) since the contrary is amply demonstrated by their armed resistance as late as the 1620s, their participation in the Williamite wars from 1688, and the Camisard
revolt in the Cevennes in the early eighteenth century.
Une parodie de Han d'Islande, publiee en 18z4 sous le titre evocateur de Og et signee par un certain Victor Vignon--pseudonyme qui pourrait dissimuler Restif de la Bretonne--ne s'y etait pas trompee dans sa dedicace: "A JEAN SBOGAR et a ses successeurs Le Vampire, le Solitaire, le Camisard
, Han d'Islande, Le Renegat, Le Centenaire, Le Paria Francais, Ipsiboe, Ourika, Le Damne, etc., etc., etc" (cite dans Mathurin: 36).
Cosmos, who is not further identified, uses the 1707 publication of those depositions to reconstruct the outbreaks of prophesying at forbidden assemblies after 1700 and the immediate origins of the Camisard
war, which broke out in the region in July 1702.
A little later in the same chapter, the reader is regaled with some of the more gruesome episodes of Pont de Montvert' s history, the violence and atrocity born of religious intolerance; a few pages later and he subjects his own sense of danger, born of a night in the open, to mockery, comparing himself with 'a hunted Camisard
rising did not prefigure the Peninsular War, and Boles suggests that the fruitless wait for British support on 1704-5 cost the Camisards
their vital momentum and their early strategic advantage.
This author's most recent book adds an original element to recent scholarship on the Huguenot diaspora by examining the influence of the Camisard
movement on international Protestantism.
Philippe Joutard stresses the important of the Cevennes as a rallying centre for French Protestantism with echoes of the Camisard
rebellions appealing directly to the geographically-linked memories of ordinary Protestant families.