Religion: Buddhism, Catholicism, Caodaism
, Hao Hao, Protestantism, Islam
The subject of the latest SOJOURN Symposium is Janet Alison Hoskins's book The Divine Eye and the Diaspora: Vietnamese Syncretism Becomes Transpacific Caodaism
She eventually converted from her family's faith, Caodaism
, to Christianity.
The most fascinating of these east/west conversations is Janet Hoskin's sketch of Caodaism
, a new religion that emerged in the 1920s as a Vietnamese synthesis of Asia religions resulting from the domination of China and French Catholic Christianity imposed during the colonial period into a nationalist religion with a universal message.
During the reporting period, Protestantism remained the country's fastest growing religion among its six recognized faiths--Buddhism, Hoa Hao Buddhism, Catholicism, Protestantism, Caodaism
, and Islam.
, a unique faith to Southern Vietnam, combines numerous religions into one, including Christianity, Islam, Confucianism, Taoist Buddhism and Vietnamese Spiritism.
The Vietnamese American population is now estimated at more than 1 million and represents the whole spectrum of religious traditions in Vietnam--from the indigenous religion often called animism to Buddhism, Confucianism, and Taoism, to the native religion of Caodaism
, and of course Christianity.
Nearly a century after its founding, Cao Dai or Caodaism
deserves to be given the serious scholarly treatment that it receives in this monograph by Janet Hoskins.
There has been official recognition of Vietnamese religions such as Hoa Hao Buddhism and Caodaism
, while many newly-introduced Protestant denominations are now registered with local authorities.
I believe her religion was Caodaism
, which is sort of a mixture of beliefs following Jesus Christ, Confucius, Buddha and Victor Hugo.
Next, Jeremy Jammes traces the careers of three prominent Cao Dai figures in southern Vietnam at war in order to illuminate both the diversity and complexity of their choices and their common commitment to the role of Caodaism
in the country.