Seven against Thebes

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Seven against Thebes

pl n
(Classical Myth & Legend) Greek myth the seven members of an expedition undertaken to regain for Polynices, a son of Oedipus, his share in the throne of Thebes from his usurping brother Eteocles. The seven are usually listed as Polynices, Adrastus, Amphiaraus, Capaneus, Hippomedon, Tydeus, and Parthenopaeus. The campaign failed and the warring brothers killed each other in single combat before the Theban walls. See also Adrastus
References in classic literature ?
Rather, come and let us all go to help them, or else let loose your weapon, the great and formidable Titan-killer with which you killed Capaneus, that doughty man, and great Enceladus and the wild tribes of Giants; ay, let it loose, for so the most valiant will be slain.
The sons of the Achaeans who held Argos and walled Tiryns, and Hermione and Asine which lie along a deep bay, and Troezen, and Eiones, and vine-clad Epidaurus, and the island of Aegina, and Mases, -- these followed strong-voiced Diomedes, son of Tydeus, who had the spirit of his father the son of Oeneus, and Sthenelus, dear son of famous Capaneus.
The men of Argos, again, and those who held the walls of Tiryns, with Hermione, and Asine upon the gulf; Troezene, Eionae, and the vineyard lands of Epidaurus; the Achaean youths, moreover, who came from Aegina and Mases; these were led by Diomed of the loud battle-cry, and Sthenelus son of famed Capaneus.
We know from Dante's Inferno that the afterlife is, in one sense, an intensified version of the world that individuals chose for themselves while they were alive: in circle 7, ring 3, the violent against God, nature, and art, Capaneus the blasphemer utters the memorable saying, "'What I was alive, I am in death'"(14.
Hippomedon reenacts many of the deeds of Achilles, Turnus and even Capaneus in the Thebaid, and can be seen as a negative exemplum of impietas.
780-81) belongs to a new order of values, and bears no relation to the uncontainable virtus, the sheer martial force, of Capaneus or Tydeus.
Scannadio's name--"scannare" (to slit a throat) + "dio" (God)--suggests that he is a man bent on slitting God's throat, a fourteenth-century scion of Otus, Capaneus, Lucifer and the various other would-be slayers of God.
As Dantean sinners are often punished by being permitted to reenact in some manner their earthly sins for eternity--the wrathful who tear Filippo Argenti to pieces, the obstinate and proud Capaneus who unceasingly scorns Jove, the thieves who steal one another's forms--after his fall, Satan is permitted to appear as things he is not for eternity.
The attention devoted to the Day after the Tournament and the final encounter between Ipomedon and Capaneus offers the following figures with percentages in relative terms: Ipomedon 6600-7174 (5.
Capaneus, a proud, blasphemous tyrant, one of the Seven against Thebes.
Zeus struck Capaneus from a scaling ladder for his impious boasting; Amphiaraus was swallowed by the earth; Athene would have saved the wounded Tydeus, but refused when she saw him eating the brains of an enemy; and the other Argive leaders died, except for Adrastus, who was saved by his horse Arion.
Kyle Conrau-Lewis' 'Family Trees in the Thebaid: The Missing Links' examines Statius' inconsistent treatment of genealogy in the Thebaid and argues that it is a significant aspect of the characterisation of the seven heroes: Adrastus, Polynices, Tydeus, Amphiaraus, Parthenopoeus, Hippomedon and Capaneus.