A The Capetians
B The Montagues C The Bourbons D The Valois 2.
Xavier Helary's examination of the reasons why French nobles chose to participate in the military campaigns of the later Capetians
, which opens 'Power and its Representation', is notable for being one of few essays in the volume that takes us beyond the royal court and its immediate Parisian environs.
Quiz: 1 Our Girl; 2 Hector Berlioz; 3 Swiss; 4 Kon-Tiki; 5 Henry Fonda; 6 The Capetians
; 7 Kent; 8 Mount Kosciuszko; 9 The Great Wall of China; 10 Sir Joseph Paxton.
This was obviously an attempt to draw a line of succession between the Merovingians and the Capetians
, in this case Louis IX the Saint.
Thus Paul Valery can say of France, "The French nation resembles a tree several times grafted, the quality and flavor of whose fruit are the result of a happy wedding of very different saps and humors combining in a single and indivisible life." In a poetic mode, he continues, "Whether we speak of the Capetians
, of Joan of Arc, Louis IX, Henry IV, Richelieu, the Convention, or Napoleon, we are referring to one and the same thing, an active symbol of our national identity and unity." (8)
When did the Valois royal dynasty of France succeed the Capetians
The longest dynastic tradition was the French, the Capetians
ruling without major interruptions from 987 to 1791.
The Christianization of the Vikings, the Carolingian link with the Church and the political legitimacy shared between the Capetians
and the Vatican can be seen as analogous to the relationship between the Roman government, the Roman people and the Roman Catholic Church.
Mundill, England's Jewish Solution: Experiment and Expulsion, 1262-1290 (1998; Cambridge, UK: Cambridge University, 2002); William Chester Jordan, The French Monarchy and the Jews: From Philip Augustus to the Last Capetians
(Philadelphia: University of Pennsylvania, 1989) 214-38; Joseph P6rez, History of a Tragedy: The Expulsion of the Jews from Spain, trans.
They resonate with Saint-Pathus' Vie et miracles de Saint Louis, interweaving history and hagiography, and through patronage and bequest, associate Charles dynastically with the last Capetians
through visual references to Jeanne d'Evreux's book of hours.
To guide us through the labyrinth we rely, first, on Salo Baron's magisterial Social and Religious History of the Jews, volumes IX to XI, that deal with the Late Middle Ages and Era of European Expansion (1200-1650), and on two major works by William Chester Jordan, professor at Princeton, a ranking medievalist of our time: The French Monarchy and the Jews: From Philip Augustus to the Last Capetians
(1989) and Ideology and Royal Power in Medieval France: Kingship, Crusades and the Jews (2001).