capsid

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Related to Capsid proteins: Icosahedral capsid, Viral capsid

cap·sid

 (kăp′sĭd)
n.
The protein coat that constitutes the shell of a virus particle.

[From Latin capsa, box.]

capsid

(ˈkæpsɪd)
n
(Animals) any heteropterous bug of the family Miridae (formerly Capsidae), most of which feed on plant tissues, causing damage to crops
[C19: from New Latin Capsus (genus)]

capsid

(ˈkæpsɪd)
n
(Biochemistry) the outer protein coat of a mature virus
[C20: from French capside, from Latin capsa box]

cap•sid

(ˈkæp sɪd)

n.
the coiled or polyhedral structure, composed of proteins, that encloses the nucleic acid of a virus. Also called protein coat.
[1960–65; < French capside= Latin caps(a) case2 + -ide -id1]
ThesaurusAntonymsRelated WordsSynonymsLegend:
Noun1.capsid - a variety of leaf bugcapsid - a variety of leaf bug    
leaf bug, plant bug - small bright-colored insect that feeds on plant juices
four-lined leaf bug, four-lined plant bug, Poecilocapsus lineatus - yellow or orange leaf bug with four black stripes down the back; widespread in central and eastern North America
lygus bug - vector of viral plant diseases
2.capsid - the outer covering of protein surrounding the nucleic acid of a virus
virion - (virology) a complete viral particle; nucleic acid and capsid (and a lipid envelope in some viruses)
protein - any of a large group of nitrogenous organic compounds that are essential constituents of living cells; consist of polymers of amino acids; essential in the diet of animals for growth and for repair of tissues; can be obtained from meat and eggs and milk and legumes; "a diet high in protein"
References in periodicals archive ?
The late coding region includes 2 ORFs: 1 encodes the viral capsid proteins (VPs) VP1, VP2, and VP3 and structural proteins, (5) whereas the other encodes for the designated VP4, also referred to as agnoprotein la.
The viral genome encodes 7 structural proteins (virus capsid proteins [VPs] 1-7) and 3 nonstructural proteins (NS1-3).
This plasmid, carrying this intended "transgene," would be introduced into a tissue culture "packaging cell line" that has been engineered to also express the required AAV viral capsid proteins and the required "helper virus" genes.
Cheng et al., "Structure, Assembly, and Antigenicity of Hepatitis B Virus Capsid Proteins," Advances in Virus Research, vol.
On the other hand, chimeric VLPs, occurring from two distinct capsid proteins, are the specific approach for both of vaccination and drug delivery system at the same time.
The capsid proteins initiate infection by binding to a receptor on the host membrane (31).
The capsid proteins coded for by L1 are highly immunogenic.
The genome is enclosed in 52-55 nm capsid and codes for the virus capsid proteins (L1 and L2) and several other proteins that are involved in various processes.
Assembly starts in the nucleus with capsid proteins that have been synthesized in the cytoplasm and imported into the nucleus.
Protein subunit vaccines contain only viral capsid proteins without nucleic acids and therefore are very safe.