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An allotrope of carbon composed of any of various cagelike molecules that consist only of an even number of carbon atoms, are often spherical in shape, and are composed of hexagonal and pentagonal groups of atoms.

[After Richard Buckminster Fuller (from the resemblance of their configurations to his geodesic domes) + -ene.]


(Elements & Compounds) any of various carbon molecules with a polyhedral structure similar to that of buckminsterfullerene, such as C70, C76, and C84. See also buckminsterfullerene


(ˈfʊl əˌrin)
any of a class of large carbon molecules consisting of a roughly spherical shell.
[1985–90; after R. Buckminster Fuller]
ThesaurusAntonymsRelated WordsSynonymsLegend:
Noun1.fullerene - a form of carbon having a large molecule consisting of an empty cage of sixty or more carbon atoms
chemical science, chemistry - the science of matter; the branch of the natural sciences dealing with the composition of substances and their properties and reactions
buckminsterfullerene, buckyball - a spheroidal fullerene; the first known example of a fullerene
carbon nanotube, nanotube - a fullerene molecule having a cylindrical or toroidal shape
atomic number 6, carbon, C - an abundant nonmetallic tetravalent element occurring in three allotropic forms: amorphous carbon and graphite and diamond; occurs in all organic compounds
References in periodicals archive ?
Does interstellar space abound with carbon-60 molecules shaped like soccer balls?
Research by academics at Swansea University and Rice University, in Texas, proved that aminerich compounds are highly effective at targeting and capturing greenhouse gas, when they are combined with football-shaped carbon-60 molecules, also known as "Buckyballs".
Technology: The new material is made from metal atoms and buckyballs, tiny carbon-60 molecules shaped like footballs.
Going into further detail, Mitra said, "Our technology is to use organic polymers that release electrons, which are captured by carbon-60 molecules--or Buckyballs.
While admitting that other pathways might exist for creating the molecules, he says, "This is one way that carbon-60 can form.