Nicholas of Cusa

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Nicholas of Cu·sa

 (kyo͞o′zə, -sə) 1401-1464.
German prelate, scientist, and Neoplatonist philosopher who emphasized the incompleteness of human knowledge of God and nature.
American Heritage® Dictionary of the English Language, Fifth Edition. Copyright © 2016 by Houghton Mifflin Harcourt Publishing Company. Published by Houghton Mifflin Harcourt Publishing Company. All rights reserved.

Nicholas of Cusa

(ˈkjuːzə)
n
(Biography) 1401–64, German cardinal, philosopher, and mathematician: anticipated Copernicus in asserting that the earth revolves around the sun
Collins English Dictionary – Complete and Unabridged, 12th Edition 2014 © HarperCollins Publishers 1991, 1994, 1998, 2000, 2003, 2006, 2007, 2009, 2011, 2014
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He shows how Cardinal Nicholas of Cusa (1401-64) modified Leon Battista Alberti's 1435 theoretical account of the principles of architecture that underlay Filippo Brunelleschi's 1425 demonstrations of linear perspective, offering a more rigorous account and avoiding Alberti's simplifications.
With Cassirer, Hankins believes that Cardinal Nicholas of Cusa deserves the title of the first "new philosopher" of the Renaissance.
This grab bag of colorful ecclesiastical characters includes John Damascene, Theodore Abu Qurrah (a Melchite bishop in the ninth century who wrote treatises against the Muslims in Arabic), Peter the Venerable, Raymond Martini, Raymond Lull, Ricoldus de Monte Croce, Dionysius the Carthusian, Cardinal Juan Torquemada, Cardinal Nicholas of Cusa, and even the Florentine reformer Savonarola (of "bonfire of the vanities" fame).