Null models were included in the top models of occupancy for six species, ovenbird (Seiurus aurocapilla), Northern cardinal (Cardinalis cardinalis
), Eastern towhee (Pipilo erythrophthalmus), Carolina chickadee (Poecile carolinensis), red-eyed vireo (Vireo olivaceus), and Carolina wren (Thryothorus ludovicanus).
A northern cardinal (Cardinalis cardinalis
) was presented for soft tissue swelling and a traumatic fracture of the third digit of the left limb, with secondary bacterial infection and necrosis.
Bartonella species detected in birds * Bird common name Bird species House sparrow Passer domesticus Boat-tailed grackle Quiscalus major Mourning dove Zenaida macroura Herring gulil ([dagger]) Larus argentatus House finch Carpodacus mexicanus Blue jay Cyanocitta cristata Song sparrow Melospiza melodia Northern cardinal Cardinalis cardinalis
Northern mockingbird Mimus polyglottos European starling Sturnus vulgaris Red-winged blackbird Agelaius phoeniceus Brown thrasher Toxostoma rufum Tufted titmouse Baeolophus bicolor Red-bellied woodpecker Melanerpes carolinus Common grackle Quiscalus quiscula Common loon ([dagger]) Gavia immer Red-headed woodpecker Melanerpes erythrocephalus Brown pelican ([dagger]) Pelicanus occidentalis Collared dove Streptopelia decaocto No.
A total of 175 birds representing four species (49 Carolina Chickadees, Parus carolinensis, 55 House Sparrows, Passer domesticus, 37 Northern Cardinals, Cardinalis cardinalis
and 34 House Finches, Carpodacus mexicanus) were examined.
STEROID HORMONES AND IMMUNE FUNCTION IN NORTHERN CARDINALS (CARDINALIS CARDINALIS
): DO THE SEXES DIFFER AND DO HORMONES IMPACT IMMUNE FUNCTION?
Maul & Farris (2005) documented significant levels of cholinesterase (ChE) inhibition in 8.7% of northern cardinals (Cardinalis cardinalis
) sampled from agricultural field edges in northeast Arkansas 3-21 days post treatment.
Experimental manipulation of carotenoid supply changed yellow plumage of American Goldfinches (Carduelis tristis) to orange and the scarlet red plumage of Northern Cardinals (Cardinalis cardinalis
) to pale red (McGraw et al.
For example, we used our cages without any modification for pilot experiments dealing with Northern bobwhites (Colinus virginianus), Northern cardinals (Cardinalis cardinalis
), and Eastern cottontail rabbits (Sylvilagus floridanus).
We quantified a rate of antibody decay for 23 northern cardinals (Cardinalis cardinalis
) of 0.198 natural log units/mo and 24 individuals of other bird species of 0.178 natural log units/mo.
This site has been observed to be used by several bird species (e.g., brown-headed cowbirds, Molothrus ater; northern cardinals, Cardinalis cardinalis
; northern mockingbirds, Mimus polyglottos; cedar waxwings, Bombycilla cedorum) in addition to the aforementioned species.