cardiac muscle

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Related to Cardiomyocytes: cardiac muscle, Cardiac myocytes

cardiac muscle

n.
The specialized striated muscle tissue of the heart; the myocardium.

car′diac mus`cle


n.
1. a specialized form of striated muscle in the hearts of vertebrates.
2. the myocardium.
[1900–05]

cardiac muscle

Involuntary striated muscle, found only in the heart. See muscle.
ThesaurusAntonymsRelated WordsSynonymsLegend:
Noun1.cardiac muscle - the muscle tissue of the heartcardiac muscle - the muscle tissue of the heart; adapted to continued rhythmic contraction
muscular tissue, muscle - animal tissue consisting predominantly of contractile cells
ticker, heart, pump - the hollow muscular organ located behind the sternum and between the lungs; its rhythmic contractions move the blood through the body; "he stood still, his heart thumping wildly"
cardiac pacemaker, SA node, sinoatrial node, pacemaker - a specialized bit of heart tissue that controls the heartbeat
papillary muscle - any of several muscles associated with the atrioventricular valves; "the papillary muscles contract during systole to prevent regurgitation of blood into the atria"
atrioventricular bundle, atrioventricular trunk, bundle of His, truncus atrioventricularis - a bundle of modified heart muscle that transmits the cardiac impulse from the atrioventricular node to the ventricles causing them to contract
atrioventricular node - a node of specialized heart muscle located in the septal wall of the right atrium; receives impulses from the sinoatrial node and transmits them to atrioventricular bundle
myocardium - the middle muscular layer of the heart wall
Purkinje fiber - a specialized cardiac muscle fiber that is part of the Purkinje network
Purkinje network, Purkinje's system, Purkinje's tissue - a network of Purkinje fibers that carry the cardiac impulse from the atrioventricular node to the ventricles of the heart and causes them to contract
References in periodicals archive ?
The device allows the assessment of the contractility of several neonatal and adult cardiomyocytes in a short time.
Other researchers found that cardiomyocytes (cardiac muscle cells) in the heart and in the blood vessels of rats matured according to the same clock, despite being distant from each other in the body.
These cells are called cardiomyocytes, and losing them puts people at risk of heart failure - a condition wherein the heart cannot pump blood effectively to the rest of the body.
Once the heart is fully formed, the cells that make up heart muscle, known as cardiomyocytes, have very limited ability to reproduce themselves.
The research effort will focus on developing allogeneic (non-patient) cardiomyocytes from induced pluripotent stem cells (iPSCs).
The coculture system was dealt with SI and SIR treatments to test the effect on cardiomyocytes survival.
We sought to demonstrate this approach using iPSC-derived cardiomyocytes, which have emerged as a particularly attractive and valuable in vitro model for cardiotoxicity testing (Blinova et al., 2017; Strauss et al., 2017; Burridge et al., 2016; Sharma et al., 2017; Kawatou et al., 2017).
The work could provide scientists a streamlined method to arrive at functioning heart cells (cardiomyocytes) for both research and regenerative therapies.
Cardiomyocytes, the principal cell type found in the heart orchestrates the cardiac contractions and ensures efficient blood flow throughout the body.
Heart failure (HF), the leading cause of death and hospitalizations worldwide, results from a myriad of cardiovascular diseases that lead to the death or dysfunction of cardiomyocytes. With a prevalence of 38 million people worldwide, it places a significant financial burden on health care systems, with an estimated $30 billion of annual spending in just the United States alone [1, 2].
It has been shown that cardiomyocytes rapidly change from the proliferative state into hypertrophy at postnatal day 3 or 4 [1].