HTK solution, which was introduced by Bretschneider in 1975, belongs to the cardioplegic solutions based on intracellular electrolytes (5).
European versus North American cardioplegia: comparison of Bretschneider's and Roe's cardioplegic solutions in a canine model of cardiopulmonary bypass.
were delivered with blood at ratios of 4:1 and subsequently at 4 to 8:1, depending on the arterial potassium concentration, and at a temperature of 22 to 28[degrees]C via both antegrade and retrograde techniques.
Objective: The aim of this study was to compare the effects of two different cardioplegic solutions on nitric oxide (NO) release from coronary vasculature in patients with type II diabetes mellitus undergoing coronary artery bypass grafting (CABG) surgery.
However, the release and metabolism of NO in diabetic patients and how it may be affected by the cardioplegic solutions are unclear.
The heart may arrest 2 |degrees~ to cold or as a result of various cardioplegic solutions
instilled at this time to achieve electromechanical arrest, placing the heart in a flaccid state.
Effects of different cardioplegic solutions
on no release from coronary vasculature in diabetic patients undergoing coronary artery bypass surgery.