Carnot cycle


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Related to Carnot cycle: Rankine cycle, Refrigeration cycle

Carnot cycle

n
(General Engineering) an idealized reversible heat-engine cycle giving maximum efficiency and consisting of an isothermal expansion, an adiabatic expansion, an isothermal compression, and an adiabatic compression back to the initial state
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Noun1.Carnot cycle - a cycle (of expansion and compression) of an idealized reversible heat engine that does work without loss of heat
oscillation, cycle - a single complete execution of a periodically repeated phenomenon; "a year constitutes a cycle of the seasons"
References in periodicals archive ?
The ideal thermodynamic Stirling cycle has the following advantages over theoretical Carnot cycle.
Therefore, COPs of vapor compression cooling cycles are always lower than those of a Carnot cycle under the same working conditions.
R* = ratio of a actual COP to a reverse Carnot cycle COP (-)
In their investigation, Curzon and Ahlborn considered a Carnot cycle operating at finite time by modeling the time-dependent energy losses in the isotherms [1].
As it is impossible to estimate the real processes of the plate's cavity cycle we can only discuss the expected maximum thermal efficiency by using the Carnot cycle. With temperature change by 1[degrees]C the thermal efficiency will be below 0.0034.
Vieland and friends work out the coin analogy in terms of the Carnot cycle; her informational steam engine shows how the flow of information (in a set of statistical data) relates to E, the evidence equivalent of temperature.
At ASME HPVC East, held April 27 to 29 at Grove City College in Pennsylvania, the team from Rose-Hulman in Terre Haute, Ind., finished first overall with its entry, dubbed Carnot Cycle. The next weekend, the entry from Missouri S&T in Rolla raced to a first-place win in the HPVC West competition at Miller Motorsports Park, near Tooele, Utah.
While it is true that vapor compression cycle cooling equipment operates at efficiencies less than the ideal Carnot cycle due to inherent losses, solid-state cooling devices have losses of their own.
The thermal efficiency is expressed as a product of the Carnot cycle efficiency and second law efficiency