We have already observed that, as Shakspere's career suggests, there was no abrupt change in either life or literature at the death of Queen Elizabeth in 1603; and in fact the Elizabethan period of literature is often made to include the reign of James I, 1603-1625 (the Jacobean period [Footnote: 'Jaco'bus' is the Latin form of 'James.']), or even, especially in the case of the drama, that of Charles I, 1625-1649 (the Carolean
The distinctive house is believed to have been built in 1679 in a carolean
style, also known as the restoration style, which refers to the specific decorative arts scene popular during and after the reign of King Charles I, from about 1625 to the late 1690s.
A two-year restoration project to restore the Carolean
Garden at Packwood House, near Knowle, to its 19th century glory has now been completed.
Victoria Kahn carefully delineates the terms and stakes of the debate over that latter work in "the 'new' genre of pastoral romance," seeing in its representation of calculating self-interest the potential not only for an aesthetics based on pleasure and the passions (especially in translation, at the Carolean
court) but also for the new "self-regulating subject" of political discourse.
(29) He argues that the "Carolean
audience was particularly split in its personality, turning into Mr.
Long, low, gloomy, this Regency-encrusted Carolean
hall crouches in its barbered acres above black-gold-yielding seams of coal; the clanking of trolleys in the pits below plain heard in the cellars, furnace-glow from the close at hand foundries flickering of the parkland statues and surfaces of ornamental waters, a black dust drift from the pit-heads lying stippled thick on leaves and lawns - unwelcome reminders all of a first-footing in decidedly unaristocratic industry.
During the second half of the 16th century, books had been published on the orders of architecture and, from early Carolean
times (1660) to the end of the Georgian period (1830), anyone who was educated or who pretended to be had a grasp of the orders and their system of design.
Maguire is careful to avoid loose talk of |subversion' and |demystification', showing rather how the mature plays traded on and fashioned a loyal disenchantment with Restoration propaganda, their double plots construing ever more distinctions between Caroline idealism and Carolean
He is currently in the process of writing his dissertation, preliminarily entitled, " Thomas Killigrew and the Carolean
Stage Rivalry in London, 1660-1682".
There is a hall with a superb Carolean
staircase in oak and the Grand Parlour looking east and south with a rich geometric ceiling design which includes a hunting scene.
Visitors to Packwood House, near Lapworth, can admire the restored Carolean
Garden in all its glory after a two-year project to return it to its 19th and early 20th Century appearance has now been completed.