The joint capsule (JC) was observed in the distal radius and the proximal row of carpal bones
, and was characterized as an anechogenic layer over the bone, in accordance with the findings of REEF et al.
The carpal tunnel is a fibro-osseous outlet lying between the flexor retinaculum and the carpal bones
Amongst the carpal bones
, the scaphoid was the most commonly broken bone, and the pisiform, the least.
Head Doctor Mario Malovic, MD, showed complete overview of the epidemiology, classification, diagnosis, conservative and surgical treatment of the fractures of carpal bones
and especially fractures in the area of metacarpal bones, illustrated with interesting cases.
We also observed punched-out bony erosions in the carpal bones
Table 1 Finger Thumb Result 220 to 260 119 to 140 Excellent 180 to 219 98 to 118 Good 130 to 179 70 to 97 Fair <130 <70 Poor Table 2 Result Phalangeal Metacarpal Carpal Bones
(Trapezium) Excellent 12 03 02 Good 08 01 00 Fair 01 00 00 Poor 01 00 00
The carpal tunnel is a closed compartment which is surrounded by carpal bones
on three walls and the transverse ligament on the roof.
Commonly fractures among the carpal bones
are scaphoid (7080%), triquetral (7-20%) and trapezium (5%)\ Fractures of the pisiform are extremely rare and frequently associated with other carpal or distal radial injuries.
GCT of the carpal bones
is a very rare entity, only few case reports have described unifocal or multifocal appearance involving the proximal and/or distal row [4,5].
Carpal tunnel is an anatomical compartment in the wrist, which includes the median nerve and flexor tendons inside, surrounded by the carpal bones
scaphoid, trapezium, and hamatum that form an arch.
The multiple dorsal and volar extrinsic ligaments are low-signal bands overlying the carpal bones
and intrinsic ligaments.
Both fore limbs were pulled out of vulva and partial fetotomy was performed by cutting at knee joint of both limbs by retaining first row of carpal bones
to radius and ulna (Fig.