Cartesianism


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Car·te·sian

 (kär-tē′zhən)
adj.
Of or relating to the philosophy or methods of Descartes.

[French cartésien (from René Descartes) and New Latin Cartesiānus (from Cartesius, Latin form of Descartes).]

Car·te′sian·ism n.

Cartesianism

the philosophy of René Descartes and his followers, especially its emphasis on logical analysis, its mechanistic interpretation of physical nature, and its dualistic distinction between thought (mind) and extension (matter). — Cartesian, n., adj.
See also: Philosophy

cartesianism

The philosophy of Descartes and his supporters which emphasized a radical division between matter and mind.
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But does liberty rest in what amounts to Cartesianism on crack, a liberty unable to make sense of the body save for its instrumental uses to the inner, autonomous, willing agent?
In sections on territories and diasporas, media and texts, and bodies and rituals they consider such topics as Western Christianity as part of postcolonial world Christianity: the "Body of Christ with AIDS" as an interstitial space, beyond blind faith: religious identities under the conditions of late capitalism, dangerous enthusiasm: an aspect of the clash between Cartesianism and orthodoxy at Utrecht University, contesting Islam: the making and unmaking of religious faith, and a material history of Catholic precarity in Amsterdam.
3) Reason: supported by the worldviews known as rationalism / Cartesianism.
In Volatile Bodies, as Grosz suggests, in Cartesianism, the body is scrutinized in three ways: first, "the body is primarily regarded as an object for the natural sciences" (8); second, the body is seen "in terms of metaphors that construe it as an instrument, a tool, or a machine" (8); third, "the body is commonly considered a signifying medium, a vehicle of expression" (9).
He gave two lectures on Descartes, 'The Cartesian Revolution' and 'The Final Effects of the Cartesian Revolution', showing the extent of his interest in and opposition to Cartesianism.
After looking at the work of the actor, Gobert extends his fascinating study to the realm of theatrical space, especially the ways in which the new theatres of the period configured the experience of the audience/actor/play relationship in ways entirely under the influence of both Descartes and Cartesianism.
Wheeler admits to having been influenced by Dreyfus's critique of artificial reason, but not without adding one important caveat: Dreyfus's focus on the problem is wrong because his position is a controversial negative assessment of the empirical achievements of orthodox AI peppered with arguments against Cartesianism.
Cartesianism is ostensibly associated with the geometry of Descartes.
As Dryden re-imagines Antony and Cleopatra in All for Love, he provides not an Aristotelian riposte to Descartes so much as a "skepticism about Cartesianism that is divorced from any commitment to Aristotelianism" (133).
The effect is a revision of what Cartesianism really means.
Hodgson's basic philosophy of mind aligns with nonreductive dualism in order to escape the mysticism of Cartesianism and the causal sterility of the mind under forms of physical reductionism (58).
1) Where such contemporary uses of Heidegger differ from Heidegger is in their diagnosis of Cartesianism as an accidental lapse rather than as evidence of humanity's self-forgetting "essence.