Catalonia(redirected from Cataluña Autonomous Community, Spain)
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A region of northeast Spain bordering on France and the Mediterranean Sea. A center of socialist and anarchist activity in the late 1800s and early 1900s, it was granted limited autonomy in 1932 by the Spanish Republic. After Catalonian separatists unsuccessfully opposed the Falangist forces in the Spanish Civil War (1936-1939), Catalonian national identity and the Catalan language were suppressed until after the death of Francisco Franco (1975).
Cat′a·lo′nian adj. & n.
(Placename) a region of NE Spain, with a strong separatist tradition: became an autonomous region with its own parliament in 1979; an important agricultural and industrial region, with many resorts. Pop: 7 012 600 (2003 est). Area: 31 929 sq km (12 328 sq miles). Catalan name: Catalunya Spanish name: Cataluña
Cat•a•lo•ni•a(ˌkæt lˈoʊ ni ə, -ˈoʊn yə)
a region in NE Spain, bordering on France and the Mediterranean: formerly a province. Spanish, Ca•ta•lu•ña (ˌkɑ tɑˈlu nyɑ)
Cat`a•lo′ni•an, adj., n.